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[法律英语综合] 中华人民共和国土地管理法(中英4)

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发表于 2017-5-18 16:16:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
第六十一条乡(镇)村公共设施、公益事业建设,需要使用土地的,经乡(镇)人民政府审核,向县级以上地方人民政府土地行政主管部门提出申请,按照省、自治区、直辖市规定的批准权限,由县级以上地方人民政府批准;其中,涉及占用农用地的,依照本法第四十四条的规定办理审批手续。. u3 O/ A) J* b

2 y+ L4 s* n# y0 R6 hArticle 61 In using land for building public facilities and public welfare facilities, townships (towns) shall file an application with land administrative departments of local people's governments at and above the county level after being examined by the township (town) people's governments at and the application shall be approved by the local people's governments at and above the county level according to the term of reference provided for by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. Where occupation of agricultural land is involved, the examination and approval procedures provided for in Article 44 of this law are required.
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第六十二条农村村民一户只能拥有一处宅基地,其宅基地的面积不得超过省、自治区、直辖市规定的标准。
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* x' H: F' C- U1 G5 b3 o9 JArticle 62 One rural household can own one piece of land for building house, with the area not exceeding the standards provided for by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities.: y/ l! y* {9 I# x6 N: m, N
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农村村民建住宅,应当符合乡(镇)土地利用总体规划,并尽量使用原有的宅基地和村内空闲地。$ w- `! V1 q( F- f/ @1 L8 Z& w- s9 T

3 ^* L7 e3 j) w1 z" _/ |Construction of rural houses should conform to the general plans for the utilization of land of townships (towns) and the original land occupied by houses and open spaces of villages should be used as much as possible for building houses.
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) G% i' p/ t- i. |农村村民住宅用地,经乡(镇)人民政府审核,由县级人民政府批准;其中,涉及占用农用地的,依照本法第四十四条的规定办理审批手续。
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The use of land for building houses should be examined by the township (town) people's governments and approved by the county people's governments. Whereas occupation of agricultural land is involved the examination and approval procedure provided for in Article 44 of this law is required.
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6 C% w8 }  r9 U) R农村村民出卖、出租住房后,再申请宅基地的,不予批准。2 K0 z) s! A# S1 j" T$ \& V+ p
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The application for housing land after selling or leasing houses shall not be approved.
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第六十三条农民集体所有的土地的使用权不得出让、转让或者出租用于非农业建设;但是,符合土地利用总体规划并依法取得建设用地的企业,因破产、兼并等情形致使土地使用权依法发生转移的除外。
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Article 63 The land use right of peasant collectives shall not be leased, transferred or rented for non-agricultural construction, except in the case of legal transfer of the land that conforms to the general plan for the utilization of land and legally obtained by enterprises due to bankruptcy or acquisition.) b1 w& X( X" w! ]; O# n* u
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第六十四条在土地利用总体规划制定前已建的不符合土地利用总体规划确定的用途的建筑物、构筑物,不得重建、扩建。
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Article 64 Buildings or structures put up before the general plan for the utilization of land and unconformable to the general plans are not allowed to be rebuilt or expanded.
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第六十五条有下列情形之一的,农村集体经济组织报经原批准用地的人民政府批准,可以收回土地使用权:* {1 x3 V3 `  s3 h& w6 v( k8 g
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Article 65 In one of the following cases, the rural collective economic organizations may recover the land use right with the approval of the people's government that gives the approval for the use of land:
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(一)为乡(镇)村公共设施和公益事业建设,需要使用土地的;5 g+ z( }6 g$ g2 z: i' m0 V6 b

& Y# ]. y! a3 z# N- |/ ?1. Land needed for building public facilities and public welfare undertakings of townships (towns) and villages;
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# K  L: b6 m, m+ [8 V(二)不按照批准的用途使用土地的;8 E' q- S& x% a0 U2 W  T

, U' P6 `- @) f* z) H/ }2 X2. Land not used according to the purposes approved;
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: O/ `+ l- N% c' f# F$ ^% V" L2 C(三)因撤销、迁移等原因而停止使用土地的。
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3. Land not used any more due to cancellation or removal of the original units.
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依照前款第(一)项规定收回农民集体所有的土地的,对土地使用权人应当给予适当补偿。2 j0 i8 Z( O$ a. e( n3 _. A

+ Z  ?0 H0 }0 @" `! |& }Proper compensation shall be given to land users in the case of recovering the land owned by peasant collectives provided for in item 1 of the preceding paragraph.0 N/ n- A, }5 @6 e: m; h7 i8 {

3 M$ ^& j* t. r3 [, ~! v2 ?  o0 X第六章监督检查
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CHAPTER SIX SUPERVISION AND EXAMINATION2 E: E4 Q: m  B, H. _
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第六十六条县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门对违反土地管理法律、法规的行为进行监督检查。! h( c5 W# \" x; X& Z

$ V5 n) M* ~" m5 C$ Y! B9 ~3 BArticle 66 Land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall exercise supervision and examination on violations to the land administrative law and administrative decrees.9 O/ M4 Z- z% Z7 ?# B% u& ~9 I

& y' |! d  O6 ?1 p4 `土地管理监督检查人员应当熟悉土地管理法律、法规,忠于职守、秉公执法。
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4 N% v0 @9 h, ^( @Supervising personnel in such a regard should be well acknowledged with the land administrative law and decrees, loyal to their duties and justice in enforcement of the law.
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第六十七条县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门履行监督检查职责时,有权采取下列措施:) z" Y# E0 Y; `! g. o
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Article 67 In performing their supervising and examination duties, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level have the right to adopt the following measures:! j% ?2 D& t; g7 u2 }9 v

9 ~/ q. V( j9 z- U1 }+ p3 {/ X(一)要求被检查的单位或者个人提供有关土地权利的文件和资料,进行查阅或者予以复制;" k: I7 Z* L7 [9 Q

; }0 V7 p, g* S; g1. Demand for documents and materials concerning land-use rights from units or individuals for examination, review or copying.
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+ a$ Y% Q- f' t/ _& \, i/ G, I* U(二)要求被检查的单位或者个人就有关土地权利的问题作出说明;2 z. {6 F5 c4 d

# e9 n7 d1 w+ @4 ?8 M2. Demand explanations from units or individuals concerned in regard to land-use rights;: P/ e' I! m9 Y8 _6 W/ e  f

( _# t+ h1 J' k: `2 B# u" n(三)进入被检查单位或者个人非法占用的土地现场进行勘测;
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3. Enter into land illegally occupied by units or individuals under examination to carry out on-the-spot surveys, and# P3 t( v) R% F: n9 [. i! z& K9 ~

, b, i" ^) {" k( o: }1 L7 v) G(四)责令非法占用土地的单位或者个人停止违反土地管理法律、法规的行为。# z. y, d2 T! P) N
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4. Command units or individuals that have occupied land illegally to stop their acts of violating the land administrative law and decrees.5 u* a3 _7 G8 I  ~4 a
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第六十八条土地管理监督检查人员履行职责,需要进入现场进行勘测、要求有关单位或者个人提供文件、资料和作出说明的,应当出示土地管理监督检查证件。
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Article 68 In performing their duties, whereas there is the need to carry out on-the-spot survey or demand units or individuals concerned to present documents and materials or explanations, supervising personnel should present certificates of land supervision and examination.
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第六十九条有关单位和个人对县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门就土地违法行为进行的监督检查应当支持与配合,并提供工作方便,不得拒绝与阻碍土地管理监督检查人员依法执行职务。
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) ^2 d! y0 C, J' b5 `* hArticle 69 Units or individuals concerned should provide active support and cooperation to land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level in their supervision and examination of violations to land administration and provide all the conveniences to facilitate but not in any way refuse or obstruct their work in such a regard.
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第七十条县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门在监督检查工作中发现国家工作人员的违法行为,依法应当给予行政处分的,应当依法予以处理;自己无权处理的,应当向同级或者上级人民政府的行政监察机关提出行政处分建议书,有关行政监察机关应当依法予以处理。
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, J* j" m" C8 _$ X. oArticle 70 Whereas land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level have found government functionaries to have committed violations during their supervision and examination, they shall give them administrative punishments whereas the punishments are due. Whereas they do not have the right to handle the cases, they should put forward proposals for administrative punishments to the administrative supervision organs at the same level or at a higher level. The related administrative supervision departments shall mete out punishments according to law.
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第七十一条县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门在监督检查工作中发现土地违法行为构成犯罪的,应当将案件移送有关机关,依法追究刑事责任;不构成犯罪的,应当依法给予行政处罚。1 w4 g" j: b  y  C% n
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Article 71 Whereas the land administrative developments of the people's governments at and above the county level have found violations to have constitute a crime in their supervision and examination, they shall hand over the case to related government organs to affix criminal responsibilities. Whereas the case cannot constitute a crime, administrative punishments shall be meted out.
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+ G0 F' K) M; J; V1 H( _. ]第七十二条依照本法规定应当给予行政处罚,而有关土地行政主管部门不给予行政处罚的,上级人民政府土地行政主管部门有权责令有关土地行政主管部门作出行政处罚决定或者直接给予行政处罚,并给予有关土地行政主管部门的负责人行政处分。
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Article 72 Whereas related land administrative departments have failed to give administrative punishments due, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at a higher level have the right to command the land administrative departments to take punishment decisions or give administrative punishments directly and give administrative punishments to the person responsible of the related land administrative departments.
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第七章法律责任
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9 ^0 G( k; u# M. l$ ]6 j: @CHAPTER SEVEN LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES  ?) g6 O) h( ]

- ]9 [- e, f6 s/ s0 T第七十三条买卖或者以其他形式非法转让土地的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门没收违法所得;对违反土地利用总体规划擅自将农用地改为建设用地的,限期拆除在非法转让的土地上新建的建筑物和其他设施,恢复土地原状,对符合土地利用总体规划的,没收在非法转让的土地上新建的建筑物和其他设施;可以并处罚款;对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,依法给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。+ K) p2 F% q9 \) G) u& V6 H2 T8 N5 W
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Article 73 For illegal transfer of land through trade or other forms, land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall confiscate the proceeds from the transfer. For converting agricultural land into land for construction uses in violations to the provisions of the general plans for the utilization of land, an order shall be given to dismantle the new buildings or other facilities illegally built on the land illegally transferred for restoration of the land to the original state, and whereas in such cases no violation to the general plan for the utilization of land, the new building and other facilities on the land illegally transferred shall be confiscated and a fine may be imposed. Administrative punishments shall be given to persons in charge and persons directly responsible and whereas the case constitutes a crime, criminal responsibilities shall be affixed.$ G/ U/ W3 B5 h

" F* m3 n& P- G第七十四条违反本法规定,占用耕地建窑、建坟或者擅自在耕地上建房、挖砂、采石、采矿、取土等,破坏种植条件的,或者因开发土地造成土地荒漠化、盐渍化的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令限期改正或者治理,可以并处罚款;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。
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+ b  m" m/ X$ v1 [9 G4 f; c" X4 VArticle 74 Occupying cultivated land to build kilns or graves or build houses, dig sand, collect stones, do mining or collect soil from the cultivated land without authorization, thus damaging the conditions for growing crops or causing desertification and salinization due to land development in violation of this law, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall order correction or improvetment within a prescribed time limit and concurrently impose a fine. Whereas the case constitute a crime, criminal responsibility shall be affixed.
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- h: Q/ ]# F  Q, K第七十五条违反本法规定,拒不履行土地复垦义务的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令限期改正;逾期不改正的,责令缴纳复垦费,专项用于土地复垦,可以处以罚款。& K. [0 c: z" E" I/ c8 L

8 v1 D" f- \7 i( N: CArticle 75 Refusing to perform land reclamation obligations in violation of this law, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall order correction within a prescribed time limit. Whereas no correction is made within the time limit, a payment of land reclamation fees specially used for land reclamation by the violator shall be ordered and a fine may be imposed concurrently.+ c3 O: y  F1 Z4 J# t  B- O

* a1 F4 p3 A3 p* |, @7 |+ r第七十六条未经批准或者采取欺骗手段骗取批准,非法占用土地的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令退还非法占用的土地,对违反土地利用总体规划擅自将农用地改为建设用地的,限期拆除在非法占用的土地上新建的建筑物和其他设施,恢复土地原状,对符合土地利用总体规划的,没收在非法占用的土地上新建的建筑物和其他设施,可以并处罚款;对非法占用土地单位的直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,依法给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。; U; r$ Q2 S) J* \
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Article 76 Occupying land without approval or by deception, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall order to return the land illegally occupied; turning to agricultural land into land for construction uses without authorization in violation of the general plans for the utilization of land, dismantling of the new buildings and other stuctures on the land illegally occupied within a prescribed time limit shall be ordered and whereas the act has not violated the general plans for the utilization of land, the new buildings and structure concerned shall be confiscated and a fine may be imposed concurrently. Persons in charge of the unit that occupies land illegally and the people directly responsible shall be given administrative punishments and whereas the case constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be affixed.6 `( D+ `$ Q' ^$ f7 _; }4 j

+ J3 x) v* [0 t( v6 z# ~2 O( V超过批准的数量占用土地,多占的土地以非法占用土地论处。9 A" s4 @" Y. x8 L
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For an occupation of land in excess of the approved amount, part in excess shall be regarded as land illegally occupied.9 ?$ {7 B7 f) q/ @

' z; ]! h1 M& T第七十七条农村村民未经批准或者采取欺骗手段骗取批准,非法占用土地建住宅的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令退还非法占用的土地,限期拆除在非法占用的土地上新建的房屋。
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+ J6 c; S: l; D& ~( C/ j- C5 RArticle 77 Occupying land by rural villagers for building houses without approval or by deception shall be ordered a return of the land illegally occupied and dismantle the new houses built on the land illegally occupied by land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level.
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超过省、自治区、直辖市规定的标准,多占的土地以非法占用土地论处。2 S3 Y! b) g  n) _% Q6 g: \

4 o  G/ ^- c3 jFor occupation of land in excess of the standards prescribed by the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, the land in excess of the standards shall be regarded as having been illegally occupied.0 T2 b$ r, o3 `

- P  [! u3 u- W( [& p* u第七十八条无权批准征用、使用土地的单位或者个人非法批准占用土地的,超越批准权限非法批准占用土地的,不按照土地利用总体规划确定的用途批准用地的,或者违反法律规定的程序批准占用、征用土地的,其批准文件无效,对非法批准征用、使用土地的直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,依法给予行政处分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。非法批准、使用的土地应当收回,有关当事人拒不归还的,以非法占用土地论处。# D: ]- m! B; J: a
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Article 78 Approving the occupation of land without the power of approval, beyond the term of reference, or not according to the purposes defined in the general plans for the utilization of land or approving the occupation or requisitioning of land in violation of the legal procedures, the documents of approval shall be invalid and the persons in charge and personnel directly responsible for illegal requisition or use of land shall be given administrative punishments. Whereas the case constitutes a crime, criminal responsibilities shall be affixed. The land illegally approved and used shall be recovered. Whereas parties concerned refuse to return, the case shall be regarded as illegal occupation of land.: @! g7 M( @5 Z. v' V& B' e

9 y5 Z% q+ D, V& i# }; ?非法批准征用、使用土地,对当事人造成损失的,依法应当承担赔偿责任。
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1 j0 j- K: A5 s  GWhereas illegal requisition and use of land have caused damages to parties concerned, the party responsible shall bear the responsibilities of compensation according to law.
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第七十九条侵占、挪用被征用土地单位的征地补偿费用和其他有关费用,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任;尚不构成犯罪的,依法给予行政处分。
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" B0 q; o. s: o* W# q6 \" d9 a+ v% u- kArticle 79 Embezzling or diverting the use of land compensation fees and other related expenses of the units whose land is requisitioned, criminal responsibilities shall be affixed whereas the case constitutes the crime and administrative punishments shall be meted out whereas the case is not serious enough to constitute a crime.
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' [0 m$ l" w$ h4 r第八十条依法收回国有土地使用权当事人拒不交出土地的,临时使用土地期满拒不归还的,或者不按照批准的用途使用国有土地的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令交还土地,处以罚款。
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) P0 P& P6 p8 X' OArticle 80 A refusal to return of land use right upon a legal recovering of the land or an expiration of temporary land use term or State-owned land is used not according to the purposes approved, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall order the return of the land and impose a fine.
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第八十一条擅自将农民集体所有的土地的使用权出让、转让或者出租用于非农业建设的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令限期改正,没收违法所得,并处罚款。
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Article 81 Leasing, transferring or renting the use right of land owned by peasant collectives for non-agricultural construction uses, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall order correction within a prescribed time limit, confiscate the proceeds concerned and impose a fine.$ [/ Z( h  n8 d

+ d. q) o6 J# {7 ]第八十二条不依照本法规定办理土地变更登记的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门责令其限期办理。+ q7 P  n5 @) W* |1 u

4 j1 {; R. H! B1 g/ z) z/ ~7 C: I: FArticle 82 Refusing to go through the land alteration registration according to the provisions of this law, the land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall order the parties concerned to go through the procedure within a prescribed time limit.
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4 m5 D6 F+ n3 m. S0 j7 r6 n- @, }第八十三条依照本法规定,责令限期拆除在非法占用的土地上新建的建筑物和其他设施的,建设单位或者个人必须立即停止施工,自行拆除;对继续施工的,作出处罚决定的机关有权制止。
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  p# n& }* y% RArticle 83 Whereas orders have been issued to dismantle the new buildings and other facilities on the land illegally occupied within a prescribed time limit according to the provisions of this law, the construction unit or individual shall stop operation immediately and dismantle them by themselves. Whereas the operation continues, the organ which decided for the punishment decisions has the right to stop it." q* D" \4 l: U5 g- j6 K; Q
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建设单位或者个人对责令限期拆除的行政处罚决定不服的,可以在接到责令限期拆除决定之日起十五日内,向人民法院起诉;期满不起诉又不自行拆除的,由作出处罚决定的机关依法申请人民法院强制执行,费用由违法者承担。4 T0 I1 f1 r) A$ Y
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Whereas a construction unit or individual refuse to accept the administrative punishment decisions on dismantling the buildings and other facilities, it may bring the case before the people's court within 15 days starting from the day when the decision is received. Whereas a unit or individual fails to put the case in proceeding when the time limit expires and yet refuses to do the dismantling, the organ making the punishment decision shall apply for compulsory exercise with the people's court and the cost arising therefrom shall be borne by the law violator.
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2 g$ Z# l& {, [) q# `/ H第八十四条土地行政主管部门的工作人员玩忽职守、滥用职权、徇私舞弊,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任;尚不构成犯罪的,依法给予行政处分。
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+ m- ~; x" }# h6 i: qArticle 84 Dereliction of duty, abuse of power for personal gains and practise favouritism by personnel of the land administrative departments shall be affixed of criminal punishments according to criminal law whereas the case is serious enough to constitute a crime or imposed of administrative punishments whereas the case is not serious enough to constitute a crime.  p& Z! |- n9 P' o$ A

+ x- o" w" y* t) C( s第八章附则
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# Q: u& i8 _6 u8 Y+ V' m2 QCHAPTER EIGHT SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS' w3 l/ P, P6 b. r, Z6 F
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第八十五条中外合资经营企业、中外合作经营企业、外资企业使用土地的,适用本法;法律另有规定的,从其规定。. Q0 \; u/ Y  r+ Z% q
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Article 85 This law applies to the use of land by Sino-foreign joint equity and cooperative ventures, and wholly foreign-owned enterprises. Whereas there are separate provisions by law, those provisions shall prevail.0 l+ o2 U/ X* |% u

" ^4 e# X! ^) ^第八十六条本法自1999年1月1日起施行。8 H: O# Y, @( ^( g: c
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Article 86 The law shall come into force starting from January 1, 1999.
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+ A3 A$ v& j* v, e% ?" D+ C5 t附:《刑法》有关条文4 L2 z! o6 s6 D( B7 \9 H

7 C# a" @) c% A. o( O. `- @Appendix: Related articles in the Criminal Law:- S6 M3 A5 I1 m/ W& Y$ d

# o0 I7 _% l5 P2 Z; X第二百二十八条以牟利为目的,违反土地管理法规,非法转让、倒卖土地使用权,情节严重的,处三年以下有期徒刑或者拘役,并处或者单处非法转让、倒卖土地使用权价额百分之五以上百分之二十以下罚金;情节特别严重的,处三年以上七年以下有期徒刑,并处非法转让、倒卖土地使用权价额百分之五以上百分之二十以下罚金。
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Article 228 Illegal transfer or trade of land use right for personal gains in violation of the land administrative law and regulations shall be sentenced to a prison term of less than three years or to forced labor, with a concurrent fine amounting to more than 5% and less than 20% of the proceeds from the illegal transfer or trading whereas the case is serious enough, and whereas the case is very serious, it shall be sentenced to a prison term ranging from more than three years to less than seven years, with a fine ranging from more than 5% to less than 20% of the proceeds from the illegal transfer or trading of the land use right." o% H: j+ W% D4 }% R9 s# Z6 R

' i+ i/ m$ L/ c7 R  o第三百四十二条违反土地管理法规,非法占用耕地改作他用,数量较大,造成耕地大量毁坏的,处五年以下有期徒刑或者拘役,并处或者单处罚金。
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Article 342 Illegal turning of cultivated land occupied into other uses in a big amount to cause damages to large tracts of cultivated land in violation of the land administrative law and regulations, a punishment of from less than five years' in prison or forced labor shall be given, together with a fine concurrently or separately.
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第四百一十条国家机关工作人员徇私舞弊,违反土地管理法规,滥用职权,非法批准征用、占用土地,或者非法低价出让国有土地使用权,情节严重的,处三年以下有期徒刑或者拘役;致使国家或者集体利益遭受特别重大损失的,处三年以上七年以下有期徒刑。, j, f, v" r7 w' D& h

' _4 M/ X1 J, }) ^; NArticle 410 Whereas government functionaries are found to have committed deception or forgery for personal gains in violation of the land administrative law and regulations or have abused their power to illegally approve the requisition of land or under-sell the use right of State-owned land and the cases are serious, a punishment of less than three years in prison or forced labor shall be given; whereas the cases have caused very big losses to the State or collectives, a prison term ranging from more than three years to less than seven years shall be meted out.
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