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[法律英语综合] 中华人民共和国土地管理法(中英3)

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发表于 6 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
第四十一条国家鼓励土地整理。县、乡(镇)人民政府应当组织农村集体经济组织,按照土地利用总体规划,对田、水、路、林、村综合整治,提高耕地质量,增加有效耕地面积,改善农业生产条件和生态环境。. r8 q, H, z# _4 h; K: C8 v

7 L; L8 _( o" m/ C5 SArticle 41 The State encourages land consolidation. People's governments of counties and townships (towns) shall organize rural collective economic organizations to carry out comprehensive consolidation of fields, water surface, roads, woods and villages according to the general plans for the utilization of land to raise the quality of cultivated land and increase areas for effective cultivation and improve the agricultural production conditions and ecological environment.
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地方各级人民政府应当采取措施,改造中、低产田,整治闲散地和废弃地。
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4 u% c4 a% a( k/ e, s6 ULocal people's governments at all levels shall adopt measures to ameliorate medium-and low-yielding land and consolidate idle and scattered and abandoned land.
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第四十二条因挖损、塌陷、压占等造成土地破坏,用地单位和个人应当按照国家有关规定负责复垦;没有条件复垦或者复垦不符合要求的,应当缴纳土地复垦费,专项用于土地复垦。复垦的土地应当优先用于农业。
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3 Y$ @0 b( P; W: K3 V  o- i; b1 VArticle 42 Whereas land is damaged due to digging, cave-in and occupation, the units or individuals occupying the land should be responsible for reclamation according to the relevant provisions of the State; for lack of ability of reclamation or for failure to meet the required reclamation, land reclamation fees shall be paid, for use in land reclamation. Land reclaimed shall be first used for agricultural purposes.
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第五章建设用地# V% v; }7 n- I& f; P
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CHAPTER FIVE LAND FOR CONSTRUCTION PURPOSES4 m  W8 H$ n+ p5 U9 {4 n6 x% \) X
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第四十三条任何单位和个人进行建设,需要使用土地的,必须依法申请使用国有土地;但是,兴办乡镇企业和村民建设住宅经依法批准使用本集体经济组织农民集体所有的土地的,或者乡(镇)村公共设施和公益事业建设经依法批准使用农民集体所有的土地的除外。
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5 O& Q' K7 L: m' g$ TArticle 43 Any unit or individual that need land for construction purposes should apply for the use of land owned by the State according to law, except land owned by peasant collectives used by collective economic organizations for building township enterprises or building houses for villagers or land owned by peasant collectives approved according to law for use in building public facilities or public welfare facilities of townships (towns)
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( M- H+ E' @: ^; v% A" d1 i7 Y前款所称依法申请使用的国有土地包括国家所有的土地和国家征用的原属于农民集体所有的土地。  `; o% m+ O8 ^7 z
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The term “apply for the use of land owned by the State according to law” used in the preceding paragraph refers to land owned by the State and also land originally owned by peasant collectives but having been requistitioned by the State.
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% L6 D1 ^1 Q, Y+ z8 J& F第四十四条建设占用土地,涉及农用地转为建设用地的,应当办理农用地转用审批手续。6 ?' z. D! Z, _  q
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Article 44 Whereas occupation of land for construction purposes involves the conversion of agricultural land into land for construction purposes, the examination and approval procedures in this regard shall be required.
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0 y" A: q9 t* g# y; s省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准的道路、管线工程和大型基础设施建设项目、国务院批准的建设项目占用土地,涉及农用地转为建设用地的,由国务院批准。8 v2 \" q' Z: u$ W# F
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For projects of roads, pipelines and large infrastructure approved by the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, land for construction has to be approved by the State Council whereas conversion of agricultural land is involved.; C1 E- R5 ?$ O
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在土地利用总体规划确定的城市和村庄、集镇建设用地规模范围内,为实施该规划而将农用地转为建设用地的,按土地利用年度计划分批次由原批准土地利用总体规划的机关批准。在已批准的农用地转用范围内,具体建设项目用地可以由市、县人民政府批准。
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" c! Z& |8 t# ]% x5 YWhereas agricultural land is converted into construction purposes as part of the efforts to implement the general plans for the utilization of land within the amount of land used for construction purposes as defined in the general plans for cities, villages and market towns, it shall be approved batch by batch according to the annual plan for the use of land by the organs that approved the original general plans for the utilization of land. The specific projects within the scope of land approved for conversion shall be approved by the people's governments of cities or counties.8 G/ l) H; t. J" e; \
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本条第二款、第三款规定以外的建设项目占用土地,涉及农用地转为建设用地的,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准。
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Land to be occupied for construction purposes other than those provided for in the second and third paragraphs of this article shall be approved by the people's governments of provinces, autonomous region and municipalities whereas conversion of agricultural land into construction land is involved.( N1 M9 d- k- T* }' d5 i
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第四十五条征用下列土地的,由国务院批准:$ `$ p- M' h6 X3 k
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Article 45 The requisition of the following land shall be approved by the State Council:2 ~% j( C2 G& S5 o. E

0 n1 Q' P! d6 |3 e( ], }/ g(一)基本农田;
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1. Basic farmland;& w! \, ?& Y7 w; F0 y7 Q( I
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(二)基本农田以外的耕地超过三十五公顷的;
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2. Land exceeding 35 hectares outside the basic farmland;3 b' |, A9 w7 W0 u2 X1 z

: W8 v4 O# K' b2 m. A(三)其他土地超过七十公顷的。
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2 ]# R/ i" f  @' b. @3. Other land exceeding 70 hectares.
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& i; L$ ^( S9 z& P( A8 l9 U征用前款规定以外的土地的,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准,并报国务院备案。/ ?: A6 X0 C3 T
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Requisition of land other than prescribed in the preceding paragraph shall be approved by the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and submitted to the State Council for the record.
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( s" q0 J9 n' d1 r征用农用地的,应当依照本法第四十四条的规定先行办理农用地转用审批。其中,经国务院批准农用地转用的,同时办理征地审批手续,不再另行办理征地审批;经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府在征地批准权限内批准农用地转用的,同时办理征地审批手续,不再另行办理征地审批,超过征地批准权限的,应当依照本条第一款的规定另行办理征地审批。
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6 y# G  s+ c( ^/ pRequisition of agricultural land should first of all go through the examination and approval procedure for converting agricultural land into land for construction purposes according to the provisions of Article 44 of this law. Whereas conversion of land is approved by the State Council, the land requisition examination and approval procedures should be completed concurrently with the procedures for converting agricultural land to construction uses and no separate procedures are required. Whereas the conversion of land is approved by people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities within their terms of reference, land requisition examination and approval procedures should be completed at the same time and no separate procedures are required. Whereas the terms of reference has been exceeded, separate land requisition examination and approval procedures should be completed according to the provisions of the first paragraph of this article.( }2 q- a( M! m
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第四十六条国家征用土地的,依照法定程序批准后,由县级以上地方人民政府予以公告并组织实施。; S' f4 @  k% q

! g+ t, e8 X+ T+ QArticle 46 For requisition of land by the State the local people's governments at and above the county level shall make an announcement and organize the implementation after the approval according to the legal procedures.% i$ _3 W: D2 D8 k0 U
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被征用土地的所有权人、使用权人应当在公告规定期限内,持土地权属证书到当地人民政府土地行政主管部门办理征地补偿登记。
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Owners or users of the land requisitioned should, within the time limit specified in the announcement, go through the compensation registration for requisitioned land with the land administrative departments of the local people's governments on the strength of the land certificate.2 w8 n6 C* W1 b% f# F- `9 E
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第四十七条征用土地的,按照被征用土地的原用途给予补偿。
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Article 47 In requisitioning land, compensation should be made according to the original purposes of the land requisitioned.5 d$ e0 Z( l2 P2 r" g  s
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征用耕地的补偿费用包括土地补偿费、安置补助费以及地上附着物和青苗的补偿费。征用耕地的土地补偿费,为该耕地被征用前三年平均年产值的六至十倍。征用耕地的安置补助费,按照需要安置的农业人口数计算。需要安置的农业人口数,按照被征用的耕地数量除以征地前被征用单位平均每人占有耕地的数量计算。每一个需要安置的农业人口的安置补助费标准,为该耕地被征用前三年平均年产值的四至六倍。但是,每公顷被征用耕地的安置补助费,最高不得超过被征用前三年平均年产值的十五倍。
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9 t. I7 A+ v$ A6 h/ x% P- t/ [Compensation fees for land requisitioned include land compensation fees, resettlement fees and compensation for attachments to or green crops on the land. The land compensation fees shall be 6-10 times the average output value of the three years preceding the requisition of the cultivated land. The resettlement fee shall be calculated according to the number of agricultural population to be resettled. The number of agricultural population to be resettled shall be calculated by dividing the amount of cultivated land requisitioned by the per capital land occupied of the unit whose land is requisitioned. The resettlement fees for each agricultural person to be resettled shall be 4-6 times the average annual output value of the three years preceding the requisition of the cultivated land. But the maximum resettlement fee per hectare of land requisitioned shall not exceed 15 times of the average annual output value of the three years prior to the requisition.- s4 m0 b1 o( t! C% q$ g
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征用其他土地的土地补偿费和安置补助费标准,由省、自治区、直辖市参照征用耕地的土地补偿费和安置补助费的标准规定。
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& \/ w# a/ Z1 C% l5 yThe standards for land compensation and resettlement fees for land requisitioned shall be determined by various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in reference to the land compensation fees and resettlement fees for cultivated land requisitioned.9 @& @- K4 ?( I  _8 ^6 D3 Z/ v

, p! j8 n7 @/ X, [- ]被征用土地上的附着物和青苗的补偿标准,由省、自治区、直辖市规定。
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The standards for compensating for ground attachments and green crops on the land requisitioned shall be determined by various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities.
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- f7 w9 e& B: d7 P征用城市郊区的菜地,用地单位应当按照国家有关规定缴纳新菜地开发建设基金。
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  p5 O' G1 q9 |In requisitioning vegetable fields in suburban areas, the units using the land should pay new vegetable field development and construction fund." i! H9 ^9 n' M  X( h1 X, O* q) @

/ b! `7 T2 J$ F7 g9 U1 V# l依照本条第二款的规定支付土地补偿费和安置补助费,尚不能使需要安置的农民保持原有生活水平的,经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准,可以增加安置补助费。但是,土地补偿费和安置补助费的总和不得超过土地被征用前三年平均年产值的三十倍。8 a- p2 C% e! s: \

6 ~- z. n& d0 O0 xWhereas the land compensation fees and resettlement fees paid according to the provisions of the second paragraph of this article are not enough to maintain the original level of living, the resettlement fees may be increased with the approval of the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. But the combined total of land compensation fees and resettlement fees shall not exceed 30 times the average output value of the three years prior to the requisition.
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国务院根据社会、经济发展水平,在特殊情况下,可以提高征用耕地的土地补偿费和安置补助费的标准。/ ^" ?! p0 {. I0 G; t# @# {

: Y5 b* a; Y& b9 \, A7 W* n8 Y+ lIn special circumstances, the State Council may raise the standards for land compensation and resettlement fees for land requisitioned according to the social and economic development level.' E7 E; i+ Z/ q7 m, X

0 m# k" g9 H( H* S* S+ M第四十八条征地补偿安置方案确定后,有关地方人民政府应当公告,并听取被征地的农村集体经济组织和农民的意见。
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Article 48 After the plan for land compensation and resettlement fees is finalized, related local people's governments shall make an announcement and hear the opinions of the rural collective economic organizations and peasants whose land has been requisitioned.
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) _! [' K* l. V  u& h" G7 t第四十九条被征地的农村集体经济组织应当将征用土地的补偿费用的收支状况向本集体经济组织的成员公布,接受监督。
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( }( h+ y2 y0 A' D0 T/ }9 N+ CArticle 49 Rural collective economic organizations shall make public to its members the receipts and expenditures of the land compensation fees for land requisitioned and accept their supervision.
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- c# T5 r- C$ y9 ^) A: d& b7 y禁止侵占、挪用被征用土地单位的征地补偿费用和其他有关费用。
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It is forbidden to embezzle or divert the land compensation fees and other related expenses.5 c$ H& E( s% X: f- b. j
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第五十条地方各级人民政府应当支持被征地的农村集体经济组织和农民从事开发经营,兴办企业。! \+ u/ N% D- _
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Article 50 Local people's governments at all levels shall support rural collective economic organizations and peasants in their efforts toward development and operations or in starting up enterprises.
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- p& j2 P: B6 i' n2 y第五十一条大中型水利、水电工程建设征用土地的补偿费标准和移民安置办法,由国务院另行规定。2 {' ]5 l8 ~. D( p/ ~

+ [: L/ D. Q8 l, X( kArticle 51 The standards for land compensation and method of resettlement for land requisitioned for building large and medium-sized water conservancy projects and hydroelectric power projects shall be determined separately by the State Council.
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第五十二条建设项目可行性研究论证时,土地行政主管部门可以根据土地利用总体规划、土地利用年度计划和建设用地标准,对建设用地有关事项进行审查,并提出意见。
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Article 52 In the process of the feasibility study for construction projects, land administrative departments may examine the related matters concerning the land for construction purposes and put forward their proposals according to the general plans for the utilization of land, the annual plan for the use of land and standards for land used for construction purposes.
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第五十三条经批准的建设项目需要使用国有建设用地的,建设单位应当持法律、行政法规规定的有关文件,向有批准权的县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门提出建设用地申请,经土地行政主管部门审查,报本级人民政府批准。) I3 s; z% r3 H! z: b* {1 c
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Article 53 Whereas a construction project approved needs land owned by the State for construction purposes, the construction unit should file an application with land administrative department of the people's government at and above the county level with the power of approval on the strength of related documents required by law and administrative decrees. The land administrative department shall examine the application and submit it to the people's government at the same level for approval.8 k# I7 y5 J- G! s2 I
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第五十四条建设单位使用国有土地,应当以出让等有偿使用方式取得;但是,下列建设用地,经县级以上人民政府依法批准,可以以划拨方式取得:
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Article 54 A paid leasing should be go through in use of land owned by the State by a construction unit. But the following land may be obtained through government allocation with the approval of the people's governments at and above the county level according to law:
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(一)国家机关用地和军事用地;- P- e* f' K2 b" r+ L# E
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1. Land for use by government organs and for military use;0 s6 l8 `+ t' s. k# d
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(二)城市基础设施用地和公益事业用地;
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2. Land for building urban infrastructure and for public welfare undertakings;
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7 f& S7 n- l3 Q: e& H* L(三)国家重点扶持的能源、交通、水利等基础设施用地;1 u' p* k$ F2 f  P

! O) g; Q. \0 T! u3. Land for building energy, communications and water conservancy and other infrastructure projects supported by the State.
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(四)法律、行政法规规定的其他用地。
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4. Other land as provided for by the law and administrative decrees.
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" {0 n. C  a4 B% }7 _$ \第五十五条以出让等有偿使用方式取得国有土地使用权的建设单位,按照国务院规定的标准和办法,缴纳土地使用权出让金等土地有偿使用费和其他费用后,方可使用土地。$ L4 x9 P: _) ?. P- A- _3 ~
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Article 55 Construction units that have obtained State-owned land by paid leasing can use the land only after paying the land use right leasing fees and other fees and expenses according to the standards and ways prescribed by the State Council.
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( e2 _9 A* _8 R" N% e自本法施行之日起,新增建设用地的土地有偿使用费,百分之三十上缴中央财政,百分之七十留给有关地方人民政府,都专项用于耕地开发。
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Starting from the date when this law comes into effect, 30% of the land compensation fees for new construction land shall be handed over to the central finance, with the rest 70% to be retained by related local people's governments, for the development of land for cultivation.4 b# ?8 h5 }! Q

* d. p. a+ x( k3 l- i& b: ?8 D第五十六条建设单位使用国有土地的,应当按照土地使用权出让等有偿使用合同的约定或者土地使用权划拨批准文件的规定使用土地;确需改变该幅土地建设用途的,应当经有关人民政府土地行政主管部门同意,报原批准用地的人民政府批准。其中,在城市规划区内改变土地用途的,在报批前,应当先经有关城市规划行政主管部门同意。- c7 {1 v8 |0 D

# @, f& J& h- K) c& mArticle 56 In using State-owned land, construction units should use the land according to the provisions of the contract for compensated use of leased land use right or according to the provisions of the documents of approval concerning the allocation of land use right. The change of the land to construction purposes should get the consent from the land administrative departments of the related people's governments and be submitted to the people's governments that originally give the approval for the use of land. In changing the purpose of land within the urban planned areas, the consent should be obtained form the related urban planning administrative departments before submission for approval.! ?# A4 p; D6 t1 P& s5 }

) C9 b6 q3 j  k9 e8 M第五十七条建设项目施工和地质勘查需要临时使用国有土地或者农民集体所有的土地的,由县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门批准。其中,在城市规划区内的临时用地,在报批前,应当先经有关城市规划行政主管部门同意。土地使用者应当根据土地权属,与有关土地行政主管部门或者农村集体经济组织、村民委员会签订临时使用土地合同,并按照合同的约定支付临时使用土地补偿费。8 e9 m" t4 D/ C. y1 }) G

1 A7 S& r6 o3 D' z; u' kArticle 57 In the case of temporary using State-owned land or land owned by peasant collectives by construction projects or geological survey teams, approval should be obtained from the land administrative departments of local people's governments at and above the county level. Whereas the land to be temporarily used is within the urban planned areas, the consent of the urban planning departments should be obtained before being submitted for approval. Land users should sign contracts for temporary use of land with related land administrative departments or rural collective organizations or villagers committees depending on the ownership of the land and pay land compensation fees for the temporary use of the land according to the standard specified in the contracts.
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6 c& ~; l7 @, x2 U- U1 }- p临时使用土地的使用者应当按照临时使用土地合同约定的用途使用土地,并不得修建永久性建筑物。9 B+ T$ I  ?4 Q8 B, N; s& u
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Users who use the land temporarily should use the land according to the purposes agreed upon in the contract for the temporary use of land and should not build permanent structures.' \0 `4 D3 j* u2 h! H( @3 s

7 \8 o9 {' [- b5 q* {+ s" _$ ]临时使用土地期限一般不超过二年。
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The term for the temporary use of land shall not usually exceed two years.0 s$ v6 j  `0 e8 M1 Y' e; |
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第五十八条有下列情形之一的,由有关人民政府土地行政主管部门报经原批准用地的人民政府或者有批准权的人民政府批准,可以收回国有土地使用权:
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Article 58 In one of the following cases, the land administrative departments of related people's governments shall recover the land use right of State-owned land with the approval of the people's governments that originally gives the approval or the people's governments with the power of approval:
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% \5 _# l/ J$ H' v' O(一)为公共利益需要使用土地的;2 U9 E5 j9 ?4 L+ W
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1. Use land for the sake of public interests;
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(二)为实施城市规划进行旧城区改建,需要调整使用土地的;
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2. Use land for adjustment in re-building old city districts in order to implement urban construction plans;9 t  {" n3 M, Q  j, G# a% g

; ?9 U2 S. G; t5 f(三)土地出让等有偿使用合同约定的使用期限届满,土地使用者未申请续期或者申请续期未获批准的;
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3. When the term for the land use right expires according to what is agreed upon in the contract for compensated use of land, the land user has failed to apply for extension or failed to get approval for extension;# u1 K( H8 u1 H% S8 _

! |' V9 f$ R3 _. d+ ]7 J(四)因单位撤销、迁移等原因,停止使用原划拨的国有土地的;6 ?( D. v. w9 ]! u& z) d( t# z

6 D2 w+ X1 ^: M, f4 Q4. The use of land originally allocated has been stopped due to cancellation or removal of units;
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& h/ z7 _+ I6 \8 a8 j(五)公路、铁路、机场、矿场等经核准报废的。
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5. Roads, railways, airports and mining sites that have been approved to be abandoned.
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依照前款第(一)项、第(二)项的规定收回国有土地使用权的,对土地使用权人应当给予适当补偿。5 `3 A2 C. U' t! g8 |) \9 t

# C# {) a# m3 K( v2 KProper compensation should be given to land use right users whereas the use right of State-owned land is recovered according to the provisions of 1 and 2 of the preceding paragraph.
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第五十九条乡镇企业、乡(镇)村公共设施、公益事业、农村村民住宅等乡(镇)村建设,应当按照村庄和集镇规划,合理布局,综合开发,配套建设;建设用地,应当符合乡(镇)土地利用总体规划和土地利用年度计划,并依照本法第四十四条、第六十条、第六十一条、第六十二条的规定办理审批手续。
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: m4 v' g8 \% K9 {  A* J% N: H. `Article 59 Construction of township enterprises, public facilities and public welfare undertakings of townships (towns) and rural villagers' houses should be rationally laid out according to the village or market town plans according to a comprehensive development plan, with good supporting facilities. Land used for construction purposes shall conform to the general plans for the utilization of land of townships (towns) and their annual plan for the use of land and the examination and approval procedures should be completed according to the provisions of Article 44, Article 60, Article 61 and Article 62 of this law.
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1 s8 p6 b$ W9 ~2 d第六十条农村集体经济组织使用乡(镇)土地利用总体规划确定的建设用地兴办企业或者与其他单位、个人以土地使用权入股、联营等形式共同举办企业的,应当持有关批准文件,向县级以上地方人民政府土地行政主管部门提出申请,按照省、自治区、直辖市规定的批准权限,由县级以上地方人民政府批准;其中,涉及占用农用地的,依照本法第四十四条的规定办理审批手续。  d, T, i! `4 \
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Article 60 In using the land for construction purposes defined in the general plan for the utilization of land of townships (towns) to start up enterprises or joint ventures together with other units or individuals by way of using land use right as shares, the rural collective economic organization shall file an application with land administrative departments of the local people's governments at and above the county level on the strength of documents of approval. The applications shall be approved by the local people's governments at and above the country according to the terms of reference provided for by various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities whereas the use of land involving the occupation of agricultural land, the examination and approval procedures provided for in Article 44 of this law shall be followed.
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按照前款规定兴办企业的建设用地,必须严格控制。省、自治区、直辖市可以按照乡镇企业的不同行业和经营规模,分别规定用地标准。
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8 `% v! b2 T; V% M. E! h* |5 j. \6 E/ _Land for construction purposes in starting enterprises provided for in the preceding paragraph shall be put under strict control. Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall determine the standards for land use according to different trades and scale of operation of township enterprises.
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