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[法律英语综合] 中华人民共和国土地管理法(中英2)

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发表于 2017-5-18 16:18:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
第二十一条土地利用总体规划实行分级审批。
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) o3 S. G+ e, x* ?1 Q. @Article 21 General plans for land use shall be examined and approved level by level.0 V" t$ d* t0 O
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省、自治区、直辖市的土地利用总体规划,报国务院批准。
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$ A  T4 W# g3 }6 [5 m, E" e, eGeneral plans for land use of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall be approved by the State Council.3 |$ l7 z" s" Z; H
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省、自治区人民政府所在地的市、人口在一百万以上的城市以及国务院指定的城市的土地利用总体规划,经省、自治区人民政府审查同意后,报国务院批准。
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7 l, m6 p& f6 q' T3 B6 WGeneral plans for land of cities where the people's governments of province and autonomous regions and municipalities are seated and cities with a population of over one million and cities designated by the State Council shall be examined by the People's governments of related provinces and autonomous regions and municipalities and submit them to the State Council for approval." `) ^9 y! q# q' y& l- E1 l

2 }4 ^+ }; s' i本条第二款、第三款规定以外的土地利用总体规划,逐级上报省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准;其中,乡(镇)土地利用总体规划可以由省级人民政府授权的设区的市、自治州人民政府批准。
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General plans for land use other than those provided for in the second and third paragraphs of this article shall be submitted for approval step by step to the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. General plans for land uses of townships (towns) may be approved by the people's governments of cities or autonomous prefectures authorized by the provincial level people's governments.
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# {) i- z* K+ }6 f  ~土地利用总体规划一经批准,必须严格执行。
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Once approved, the general plans for the land use shall be implemented strictly./ K: v- G* m3 c( W# E: p/ i

: B+ p7 ]7 _8 T' w1 {& i" K# m" u第二十二条城市建设用地规模应当符合国家规定的标准,充分利用现有建设用地,不占或者尽量少占农用地。# Q6 Q  F9 T/ N& `( b  ?
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Article 22 The amount of land used for urban construction shall conform to the standards prescribed by the State so as to make full use of the existing land for construction purposes, not to occupy or occupy as less agricultural land as possible.
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5 O* L) ^4 w; ^' M5 T城市总体规划、村庄和集镇规划,应当与土地利用总体规划相衔接,城市总体规划、村庄和集镇规划中建设用地规模不得超过土地利用总体规划确定的城市和村庄、集镇建设用地规模。
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Urban general planning and the planning of villages and market towns should be in line with the general plans for land use. The amount of land for construction use in the urban general planning and the planning of villages and market towns shall not exceed the amount of land used for construction purposes in cities, villages and market towns fixed in the general plans for the utilization of land., d, Y0 j. K- |  P: t

# b: `5 R( W5 A+ ]在城市规划区内、村庄和集镇规划区内,城市和村庄、集镇建设用地应当符合城市规划、村庄和集镇规划。4 F/ q4 d- C- @: R  _4 g. p9 E
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The land for construction purposes in cities, villages and market towns within the planned areas of cities, villages and market towns shall conform to the city planning and the planning of villages and market towns./ N0 H8 O9 f3 |, w0 L- Y

, t' w3 @1 B9 H0 L6 a% I) y' q+ h; l第二十三条江河、湖泊综合治理和开发利用规划,应当与土地利用总体规划相衔接。在江河、湖泊、水库的管理和保护范围以及蓄洪滞洪区内,土地利用应当符合江河、湖泊综合治理和开发利用规划,符合河道、湖泊行洪、蓄洪和输水的要求。
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Article 23 The plans for the comprehensive control, development and utilization of rivers and lakes should be in accordance with the general plans for land use. Land uses within the areas of management and protection of rivers, lakes and reservoirs and flood storage and detention areas should be in line with plans for the comprehensive control, development and utilization of rivers and lakes and to the requirements of river channels, flood flows of rivers and lakes, flood storage and water transmission.9 o) Q3 A2 }; }3 N8 o; i0 o

7 }# Q  m* Q; x, m6 O1 ~: M" x; c+ B第二十四条各级人民政府应当加强土地利用计划管理,实行建设用地总量控制。
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6 O% x9 n/ h; D/ YArticle 24 People's governments at all levels shall strengthen the administration of plans for land use and exercise control of the aggregate land for construction purposes.
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土地利用年度计划,根据国民经济和社会发展计划、国家产业政策、土地利用总体规划以及建设用地和土地利用的实际状况编制。土地利用年度计划的编制审批程序与土地利用总体规划的编制审批程序相同,一经审批下达,必须严格执行。/ s- L" `3 {2 p4 ]% G) P
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The annual plan for the land use shall be compiled in line with the national economic and social development program, the State industrial policies, general plans for land and the actual situation about the land for construction uses and the land utilization. The examination and approval procedures for the compilation of annual land use plans shall be the same as that for the general plans for land use. Once approved, they shall be implemented strictly.8 F% H  A; z) Q4 ]# X" b

* z2 q* c9 i, `第二十五条省、自治区、直辖市人民政府应当将土地利用年度计划的执行情况列为国民经济和社会发展计划执行情况的内容,向同级人民代表大会报告。1 k9 K! k0 A  z  R" q

! l/ a$ @; M. iArticle 25 The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall report the implementations of their annual plans for the use of land to the people's congresses at the same level as part of the implementation of their economic and social development plans.
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第二十六条经批准的土地利用总体规划的修改,须经原批准机关批准;未经批准,不得改变土地利用总体规划确定的土地用途。) E8 s9 a# H6 c* w
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Article 26 Revision of the general plans for land use shall be approved by the original organ of approval. Without approval, the usages of land defined in the general plans for the utilization of land shall not be changed.
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经国务院批准的大型能源、交通、水利等基础设施建设用地,需要改变土地利用总体规划的,根据国务院的批准文件修改土地利用总体规划。
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& q1 p- F2 o* ?$ N; q7 a4 ^2 ^Whereas the purpose of land use defined in the general plans for the utilization of land needs to be changed due to the construction of large energy, communications, water conservancy and other infrastructure projects approved by the State Council, it shall be changed according to the document of approval issued by the State Council.3 G( {  Q- @3 D' Q6 R4 C3 h7 @! W. d
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经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准的能源、交通、水利等基础设施建设用地,需要改变土地利用总体规划的,属于省级人民政府土地利用总体规划批准权限内的,根据省级人民政府的批准文件修改土地利用总体规划。" \) x5 Z8 F, @1 q4 h2 t, i

7 Z1 p) Q, n5 {If the purpose of land defined in the general plans for the utilization of land needs to be changed due to the construction of large energy, communications, water conservancy and other infrastructure projects approved by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, it shall be changed according to the document of approval issued by the provincial level people's governments if it falls into their terms of reference.0 n' Y9 Q9 P5 o% p- v/ n

$ K# \0 p/ s9 r( Y8 i4 y3 E第二十七条国家建立土地调查制度。
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: D; R' `$ X! B6 Q" t3 lArticle 27 The State fosters land survey system.! W2 y8 a2 y4 r: [& b

1 [2 L0 C; P0 v# W. G; s1 h县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门会同同级有关部门进行土地调查。土地所有者或者使用者应当配合调查,并提供有关资料。
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0 j2 h8 k; M' O7 n+ ^The land administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall carry out land surveys together with related departments at the same level. Land owners or users should provide good cooperation and necessary data and materials required.
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第二十八条县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门会同同级有关部门根据土地调查成果、规划土地用途和国家制定的统一标准,评定土地等级。
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' P  {4 }. v+ X3 {Article 28 Land administrative departments of the people's government at and above the county level shall, together with related departments at the same level, grade the land according to the results of the surveys, their planned uses and the unified standards formulated by the State.
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第二十九条国家建立土地统计制度。8 Z# r; d5 J7 @6 Z. v

1 V& i% w+ Y, n8 d" o5 P+ O& cArticle 29 The State establishes the land statistical system.
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县级以上人民政府土地行政主管部门和同级统计部门共同制定统计调查方案,依法进行土地统计,定期发布土地统计资料。土地所有者或者使用者应当提供有关资料,不得虚报、瞒报、拒报、迟报。
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5 X1 @' ?: j2 v! c5 D) i) F/ e  zLand administrative departments of the people's governments at and above the county level shall, together with the statistical departments at the same level shall, formulate plans for statistical surveys and compile statistics about land according to law and regularly issue statistical data about the land. Land owners and users shall provide related materials and it is strictly forbidden to provide false and concealed materials or refuse to provide or delay the delivery of materials.
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% ^+ H% g% ^3 W& S5 G土地行政主管部门和统计部门共同发布的土地面积统计资料是各级人民政府编制土地利用总体规划的依据。, |  w2 J' ?5 ~& @0 S4 y- v

* ]- e2 [; E/ @( r) P! pThe statistical materials about the land areas issued by land administrative departments and statistical departments serve as the basis for people's governments at all levels in compiling the general plans for the utilization of land.% g( D+ L: w$ R! w' S" R9 f

: |% ]  t' |) C) K6 h6 M/ F6 d第三十条国家建立全国土地管理信息系统,对土地利用状况进行动态监测。
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Article 30 The State shall establish the national land management information system to conduct dynamic monitoring of the utilization of land.7 a. ?5 L% ?# J- t+ p1 ]
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第四章耕地保护
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8 S7 e4 E  T& w5 gCHAPTER FOUR PROTECTION OF CULTIVATED LAND* _5 c% b8 \$ N. g
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第三十一条国家保护耕地,严格控制耕地转为非耕地。6 |  K% [7 s/ J% w% D$ i; x# \

* ]: M. [4 ?* d3 ^Article 31 The State protects the cultivated land and strictly controls the conversion of cultivated land into non-cultivated land.
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/ a, D  u& C7 _0 e0 a国家实行占用耕地补偿制度。非农业建设经批准占用耕地的,按照“占多少,垦多少”的原则,由占用耕地的单位负责开垦与所占用耕地的数量和质量相当的耕地;没有条件开垦或者开垦的耕地不符合要求的,应当按照省、自治区、直辖市的规定缴纳耕地开垦费,专款用于开垦新的耕地。& R4 c/ V$ {& r' h5 O
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The State fosters the system of compensations to cultivated land to be occupied. In the cases of occupying cultivated land for non-agricultural construction, the units occupying the cultivated land should be responsible for reclaiming the same amount of land in the same quality as that occupied according to the principle of “reclaiming the same amount of land occupied. Whereas units which occupy the cultivated land are not available with conditions of reclaimation of land or the land reclaimed is not up to requirements, the units concerned should pay land reclamation fees prescribed by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities for reclaiming land for cultivation the land reclaimed.
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8 k9 x" a, `& k5 |/ H8 P  H% \省、自治区、直辖市人民政府应当制定开垦耕地计划,监督占用耕地的单位按照计划开垦耕地或者按照计划组织开垦耕地,并进行验收。; m; q7 ]$ f* z- U
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The people's governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall formulate plans for reclamation of cultivated land, see to it that units which occupy cultivated land shall reclaim land as planned or organize the land reclamation according to plan and examine and accept the land reclaimed.' r8 X7 W, x1 m; w1 _
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第三十二条县级以上地方人民政府可以要求占用耕地的单位将所占用耕地耕作层的土壤用于新开垦耕地、劣质地或者其他耕地的土壤改良。
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Article 32 The local people's governments at and above the county level may demand units which occupy cultivated land to use the topsoil of the land occupied for use in the newly reclaimed land, poor land or other cultivated land for soil amelioration.
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5 S, _. q- b% ^% y; m第三十三条省、自治区、直辖市人民政府应当严格执行土地利用总体规划和土地利用年度计划,采取措施,确保本行政区域内耕地总量不减少;耕地总量减少的,由国务院责令在规定期限内组织开垦与所减少耕地的数量与质量相当的耕地,并由国务院土地行政主管部门会同农业行政主管部门验收。; v% W4 c: @9 l
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Article 33 People's governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall strictly implement the general plans for the utilization of land and annual plan for the use of land, adopt measures to ensure not to reduce the total amount of cultivated land within their jurisdictions. Whereas reductions occur, the State Council shall order it to organize land reclamation within the prescribed time limit to make up for the reduced land in the same quantity and quality and the land administrative department of the State Council shall, together with agricultural administrative department, examine and accept it.
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4 z. t$ ~* q2 z. I9 W% {个别省、直辖市确因土地后备资源匮乏,新增建设用地后,新开垦耕地的数量不足以补偿所占用耕地的数量的,必须报经国务院批准减免本行政区域内开垦耕地的数量,进行易地开垦。
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Whereas individual provinces and municipalities find it difficult to reclaim enough land to make up for the land occupied due to scarce reserve resources, the total amount of land due to be reclaimed in their own regions may be reduced with the approval of the State Council but the rest of land for reclamation shall be made up for elsewhere.
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第三十四条国家实行基本农田保护制度。下列耕地应当根据土地利用总体规划划入基本农田保护区,严格管理:
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) w2 V2 l) w3 ^) w  ^Article 34 The State fosters the system of protecting the basic farmland. The following cultivated land shall be demarcated as basic farmland protection areas and subject to stringent control according to the general plans for the utilization of land:
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9 {' J2 _# u; Q$ z9 T) z(一)经国务院有关主管部门或者县级以上地方人民政府批准确定的粮、棉、油生产基地内的耕地;% R& V) {! B5 V5 [3 Q& \" L5 [7 h; R  ~% u

: I' P+ n+ ?0 ~& i1. Cultivated land in the grain, cotton and oil-bearing crops production bases approved by the land administrative department of the State Council or the local people's governments at and above the county level;7 @( R4 Q: w5 [/ k. P. D
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(二)有良好的水利与水土保持设施的耕地,正在实施改造计划以及可以改造的中、低产田;
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3 Z$ r% Y" u/ c' K2. Cultivated land with good water conservancy and water and soil conservation facilities and medium-and low-yielding land where the execution of amelioration plan is in progress or medium-and low-yielding land that is transformable.6 v( k) ^3 u" R8 j4 C
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(三)蔬菜生产基地;
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3. Vegetable production bases;$ V( S& Y0 V- k9 b' F

) f$ E8 p9 I% h9 A$ u" f8 c(四)农业科研、教学试验田;
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, y1 t: x3 w+ c, k4. Experimental plots for research and teaching;
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(五)国务院规定应当划入基本农田保护区的其他耕地。) [) Z. P4 f  Q# w, f4 ?
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5. Other cultivated land that should be designated as basic farmland protection areas as provided for by the State Council.' i, \  F$ u, X7 I% Y% E
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各省、自治区、直辖市划定的基本农田应当占本行政区域内耕地的百分之八十以上。5 h6 n' y- j0 L1 S# i7 L
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Areas of basic farmland demarcated by various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities should make up over 80% of the cultivated land within their administrative areas.7 Z1 C- s2 C0 e: q

' {) y  ]0 O$ S基本农田保护区以乡(镇)为单位进行划区定界,由县级人民政府土地行政主管部门会同同级农业行政主管部门组织实施。
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) i5 h# k& O6 L* [: v$ G$ J' V, SBasic farmland protection areas shall be demarcated with township (town) as the unit and the protection of which shall be carried out by the land administrative departments of the county level people's governments together with agricultural administrative departments of the same level.
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4 E& g) O9 F7 a. |% b第三十五条各级人民政府应当采取措施,维护排灌工程设施,改良土壤,提高地力,防止土地荒漠化、盐渍化、水土流失和污染土地。- f! }# f/ a5 X+ j

7 W8 n$ p+ n, }9 aArticle 35 People's governments at all levels shall adopt measures to maintain and protect irrigation and drainage facilities, ameliorate the soil to raise fertility and prevent desertification, salinization, water loss and soil erosion and pollution./ [# X) l/ ?/ Y  a9 ?3 H6 M
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第三十六条非农业建设必须节约使用土地,可以利用荒地的,不得占用耕地;可以利用劣地的,不得占用好地。
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Article 36 Land shall be used sparingly for non-agricultural construction purposes. Whereas wasteland can be used, no cultivated land should be occupied; whereas poor land can be used, no good land should be occupied.! q; ?0 J1 A9 k; N' i

. c+ H) g4 G5 I: x  R4 i8 h禁止占用耕地建窑、建坟或者擅自在耕地上建房、挖砂、采石、采矿、取土等。! s# H; V  s. \  k

; w( e. k* l; B3 F$ W* _It is forbidden to build kilns, graves or houses on cultivated land or to dig sand, collect stones, do mining and carry soil away from cultivated land.
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: A6 U( `- _+ D0 t' a) c禁止占用基本农田发展林果业和挖塘养鱼。7 Z4 S' d7 i0 k- w2 F2 R$ e
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It is forbidden to occupy basic farmland to develop horticulture or dig ponds to breed fish.4 H1 R4 M8 W- x" i0 ^) O  Z2 W  L; `

4 P8 ~6 |, G4 ~- c! R7 q第三十七条禁止任何单位和个人闲置、荒芜耕地。已经办理审批手续的非农业建设占用耕地,一年内不用而又可以耕种并收获的,应当由原耕种该幅耕地的集体或者个人恢复耕种,也可以由用地单位组织耕种;一年以上未动工建设的,应当按照省、自治区、直辖市的规定缴纳闲置费;连续二年未使用的,经原批准机关批准,由县级以上人民政府无偿收回用地单位的土地使用权;该幅土地原为农民集体所有的,应当交由原农村集体经济组织恢复耕种。
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; j7 n" ^: b7 x$ Y6 z4 I, ZArticle 37 No unit or individual is allowed to let the land to lie idle or go wasted. Whereas a cultivated land which has been occupied for non- agricultural construction upon approval and can sure start construction within one year is found cultivable and yieldable, it should be cultivated by the unit or individual that originally cultivates the land or cultivated by units occupying the land. Whereas construction work fails to start for over one year, land idling fees shall be paid according to the provisions by various provinces, autonomous region and municipalities. Whereas construction work fails to start for two successive years, the people's governments at and above the county level shall revoke the use right of the land with the approval of the original organ of approval. Whereas the land used to be owned by peasant collectives, it should be turned over to original rural collective economic organizations for recultivation.1 G: _$ C" q( @1 b$ U9 J

0 C5 ?# k2 M# g( o: g在城市规划区范围内,以出让方式取得土地使用权进行房地产开发的闲置土地,依照《中华人民共和国城市房地产管理法》的有关规定办理。8 s3 Q$ n" L) y) C

0 X! U1 n: `7 B+ wIdle land that is lying within the urban plan areas and whose use right has been leased for real estate development shall be handled according to the “Urban Property Administration Law of the People's Republic of China”。: W! u1 Q( k" P& J9 p4 k; R
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承包经营耕地的单位或者个人连续二年弃耕抛荒的,原发包单位应当终止承包合同,收回发包的耕地。, v, Q- c, e2 G  I
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Whereas a unit or individual that has contracted for land operation has given up cultivation and allowed the land to go wasted for two successive years, the original constracting-out party shall terminate the contract and recover the land contracted out for cultivation.  l2 ]( Z8 r( }7 n5 f
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第三十八条国家鼓励单位和个人按照土地利用总体规划,在保护和改善生态环境、防止水土流失和土地荒漠化的前提下,开发未利用的土地;适宜开发为农用地的,应当优先开发成农用地。
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7 g8 j- d9 E7 E% `+ e7 G, r/ i* jArticle 38 The State encourages development of unused land by units or individuals according to the general plans for the utilization of land and under the precondition of protecting and improving the ecological environment, preventing water loss, soil erosion and desertification. Land suitable for agricultural use should have the priority of developing into land for agricultural use.; x( G) f: t* a& ?
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国家依法保护开发者的合法权益。" m) U3 F" E: T1 V  h6 ]- U

% b/ Q" Y  ]! ]5 z* aThe State protects the legitimate rights and interests of developers.9 Y$ |* [; s9 U! N

0 G, |) g/ D) S8 P9 j) G第三十九条开垦未利用的土地,必须经过科学论证和评估,在土地利用总体规划划定的可开垦的区域内,经依法批准后进行。0 t3 o2 A* ^$ K* K8 K# I3 n
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Article 39 Reclaiming unused land shall go through scientific argumentation and evaluation and can proceed according to law after approval within the reclaimable areas demarcated in the general plans for the utilization of land.$ Z1 f2 P4 z2 L% h2 {2 s

* F6 _0 I7 C" Z, ?6 O9 w禁止毁坏森林、草原开垦耕地,禁止围湖造田和侵占江河滩地。
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& B+ V% Q5 r) [9 F! r  lIt is forbidden to destroy forests and grassland in the process of land reclamation. It is forbidden to carry out landfill of lakes and occupy beachland of rivers.
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+ \$ D4 _2 k1 g+ g' f根据土地利用总体规划,对破坏生态环境开垦、围垦的土地,有计划有步骤地退耕还林、还牧、还湖。; G* D0 u/ V0 Q) s; s
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Whereas reclaimation of a land or rounding up of a land for reclaimation would give harm to ecological environment the land concerned should be restored as forerts, pasture fields or lakes step by step and in a planned manner according to the general plans for the utilization of land.
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第四十条开发未确定使用权的国有荒山、荒地、荒滩从事种植业、林业、畜牧业、渔业生产的,经县级以上人民政府依法批准,可以确定给开发单位或者个人长期使用。
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  c! M9 P) P$ S' A" O- ~: o4 FArticle 40 For developing waste hills, land or beachland whose use rights have not been ascertained for crop cultivation, forestry, animal husbandry or fisheries, the use rights may be given to developers or individuals for long-term use with the approval of the people's government at and above the county level according to law.
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