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[法律英语综合] 残疾人保障法【英文法规】

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发表于 2018-3-15 10:53:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  1990年12月28日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第十七次会议通过: a$ F4 J8 W2 C% t2 d9 G- F' I. J
  (Adopted at the 17th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National Peoples Congress on December 28,1990.)
% I$ e/ \* X+ ]# L; p  第一章总则1 x- d: Z3 b' j, ^6 i
  Chapter 1 General Provisions! C9 A% V# @3 x3 f6 Z$ [: Y' e" [2 ^# k
  第一条为了维护残疾人的合法权益,发展残疾人事业,保障残疾人平等地充分参与社会生活,共享社会物质文化成果,根据宪法,制定本法。# R4 x" t6 B0 q4 l
  Article 1 [Purpose and Basis] This Law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution for the purpose of protecting the lawful rights and interests of,and developing undertakings for disabled persons,and ensuring their equal and full participation in social life and their share of the material and cultural wealth of society., q3 E4 Z; E) K- W, q# I$ e1 X0 o" h3 @
  第二条残疾人是指在心理、生理、人体结构上,某种组织、功能丧失或者不正常,全部或者部分丧失以正常方式从事某种活动能力的人。+ o& \* @: x. F4 U4 {/ H
  Article 2 [Definition,Categories and Criteria] A disabled person refers to one who suffers from abnormalities of loss of a certain organ or function, psychologically or physiologically, or in anatomical structure and has lost wholly or in part the ability to perform an activity in the way considered normal.
4 P6 b/ o" b* g  残疾人包括视力残疾、听力残疾、言语残疾、肢体残疾、智力残疾、精神残疾、多重残疾和其他残疾的人。! M5 t6 N" E# Z" v- U
  The term "disabled persons" refers to those with visual, hearing, speech or physical disabilities, mental retardation, mental isorder, multiple disabilities and/or other disabilities.- Y! f* O4 [9 b" ?1 `( N
  残疾标准由国务院规定。) P3 w% q  Z: q/ `- u
  The criteria for classification of disabilities shall be established by the State Council.
; [9 c) s$ x. u+ ^. q0 I9 N) \  第三条残疾人在政治、经济、文化、社会和家庭生活等方面享有同其他公民平等的权利。6 _5 P+ c+ P% }* T2 \  B+ @& V
  Article 3 [Protection of Rights] Disabled persons shall enjoy equal rights with other citizens in political,economic,cultural and social fields, in family life and other aspects.
0 S* n" {% E/ p3 {. g  残疾人的公民权利和人格尊严受法律保护。( i# Q& T& R3 ?& }+ F" `. z' |
  The citizen's rights and personal dignity of disabled persons shall be protected by law.% b6 |' S# H* y" L
  禁止歧视、侮辱、侵害残疾人。$ m6 P  C- |3 Y' p
  Discrimination against, insult of and infringement upon disabled persons shall be prohibited.- r- V9 }1 R1 _- ~+ l
  第四条国家采取辅助方法和扶持措施,对残疾人给予特别扶助,减轻或者消除残疾影响和外界障碍,保障残疾人权利的实现。
) P. M5 r5 [) b- {8 G  Article 4 [Special Assistance] The state shall provide disabled persons with special assistance by adopting supplementary methods and supportive measures with a view to alleviating or eliminating the effects of their disabilities and external barriers and ensuring the realization of their rights.5 b. q( h" Z& Y- ?) N' c
  第五条国家和社会对伤残军人、因公致残人员以及其他为维护国家和人民利益致残的人员实行特别保障,给予优待和抚恤。' s- F: K$ M3 m1 \" L) C0 W
  Article 5 [Special Assurance] The state and society shall provide special assurance,preferential treatment and pension for wounded or disabled servicemen and persons disabled while on duty or for protecting the interests of the state and people.4 A/ X) b2 F0 X& Y
  第六条各级人民政府应当将残疾人事业纳入国民经济和社会发展计划,经费列入财政预算,统筹规划,加强领导,综合协调,采取措施,使残疾人事业与经济、社会协调发展。0 U! k: B4 n+ Q, v
  Article 6 [Responsibilities of Government] The people's governments at all levels shall incorporate undertakings for disabled persons into plans for economic and social development through budget arrangement, overall planning and coordination and other measures under strengthened leadership with a view to ensuring that undertakings for disabled persons develop in coordination with economic and social progress.# M/ c+ F" c% e' a# n
  国务院和省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,采取组织措施,协调有关部门做好残疾人事业的工作。# B" x, L% f  n# y8 M# v
  The State Council and the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall adopt organizational measures to coordinate departments concerned in the work for people with disabilities.
% J* t  @8 A6 i) o" g- D4 ~' i  具体机构由国务院和省、自治区、直辖市人民政府规定。
' L/ F  c& m5 X' f+ G" I. I$ s  The establishment of specific institutions shall be decided upon by the State Council and/or the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.% n: N) y4 |# c6 Z) ?
  各级人民政府有关部门,应当密切联系残疾人,听取残疾人的意见,按照各自的职责,做好残疾人工作。) |  u& ]; ~7 Z
  Departments concerned under the people's governments at various levels shall keep in close contact with disabled persons, solicit their opinions and fulfill respectively their own duties in the work for disabled persons.
* A7 b! b& p- _. L+ l  第七条全社会应当发扬社会主义的人道主义精神,理解、尊重、关心、帮助残疾人,支持残疾人事业。
( C3 a3 F  C! t0 s4 W. f& C  Article 7 [Responsibilities of the Society] The whole society should display socialist humanitarianism, understand, respect, care for and assist people with disabilities and support the work for disabled persons.
" `  _& x& b) i. e: J! E* m2 `2 _; N  机关、团体、企业事业组织和城乡基层组织,应当做好所属范围内的残疾人工作。
8 u; c7 v: F' A& p2 m  State organs, non-governmental organizations,enterprises,institutions and urban and rural organizations at grassroots level should do their work for disabled persons well, as is within their responsibility.$ d* @( P; c, E0 ^+ _  r
  从事残疾人工作的国家工作人员和其他人员,应当履行光荣职责,努力为残疾人服务。
' D' f) X$ j/ J  State functionaries and other personnel engaged in the work for disabled persons should work hard to fulfill their lofty duties in serving disabled people.
/ _6 g* |" r8 I+ u! }  第八条中国残疾人联合会及其地方组织,代表残疾人的共同利益,维护残疾人的合法权益,团结教育残疾人,为残疾人服务。
) g* _: j; j3 ^) P  Article 8 [Responsibilities of Disabled Persons' Federation] China Disabled Persons' Federation (CDPF) and its local branches shall represent the common interests of disabled persons, protect their lawfulrights and interests, unite, educate disabled persons, and provide service for disabled persons.# M3 a! w, d+ k
  残疾人联合会承担政府委托的任务,开展残疾人工作,动员社会力量,发展残疾人事业。
! U1 u& f1 M, Y* |& ^. M/ y$ v/ Q4 G' E  CDPF shall undertake tasks entrusted by the government, conduct work for disabled persons and mobilize social forces in developing undertakings for disabled persons.
! s& D# L! `. U7 ^) @! {  第九条残疾人的法定扶养人必须对残疾人履行扶养义务。6 p% O8 Y% V% W% T; Z' n% W
  Article 9 [Responsibilities of Fosterer,Guardian and Family Member] Legal fosterers of disabled persons must fulfill their duties towards their charges.! N* X( {, R3 z5 C( Z
  残疾人的监护人必须履行监护职责,维护被监护人的合法权益。
. l: V4 R) a, S+ P3 e. g* X5 _  Guardians of disabled persons must fulfill their duties of guardianship and protect the lawful rights and interests of their charges.
( m5 j6 }. q: w  w% V: k  残疾人的亲属、监护人应当鼓励和帮助残疾人增强自立能力。
: |7 o0 s( P* w  Family members and guardians of disabled persons should encourage and assist disabled persons to enhance their capability of self-reliance.5 B) a& G* P  V2 @3 b8 f8 S/ V" u
  禁止虐待和遗弃残疾人。2 a2 q0 a- o& M6 @
  Maltreatment and abandoning of disabled persons shall be prohibited.; f$ c  {( M5 m' m+ V/ ~
  第十条残疾人必须遵守法律,履行应尽的义务,遵守公共秩序,尊重社会公德。
$ L) \* w9 ^* o& y3 d, X+ j  Article 10 [Obligations of Disabled Persons] Disabled persons must abide by laws, carry out their due obligations,observe public order and respect social morality.& i. C( @. e- |7 F0 ?
  残疾人应当发扬乐观进取精神,自尊、自信、自强、自立,为社会主义建设贡献力量。7 U% d1 b* g9 i  Q, j$ r. b2 g
  Disabled persons should display an optimistic, and enterprising spirit, have a sense of self-respect, self-confidence, self-strength and self-reliance, and make contributions to the socialist construction.
- o4 f! M- K8 P7 Q% u* J3 e9 \  第十一条国家有计划地开展残疾预防工作,加强对残疾预防工作的领导,宣传、普及优生优育和预防残疾的知识,针对遗传、疾病、药物中毒、事故、灾害、环境污染和其他致残因素,制定法律、法规,组织和动员社会力量,采取措施,预防残疾的发生和发展。
. a" j' P9 {! r. d2 ^  Article 11 [Prevention of Disabilities] The state shall undertake, in a planned way, the work of disability prevention, strengthen leadership in this regard, publicize and popularize knowledge of good pre-natal and post-natal care as well as disability prevention, formulate aws and regulations dealing with disability causing factors such heredity, diseases, medical poisoning, accidents, calamity and environmental pollution and adopt measures to prevent the occurrence and aggravation of disabilities by organizing and mobilizing social forces.% [0 A# C( m5 Q8 F' A3 u' j9 \, }- H
  第十二条对在社会主义建设中做出显著成绩的残疾人,对维护残疾人合法权益、发展残疾人事业、为残疾人服务做出显著成绩的单位和个人,由政府和有关部门给予奖励。4 r$ m$ h. K8 d( o/ w
  Article 12 [Award] Governments and departments concerned shall award those disabled persons who have made notable achievements in socialist construction and those units or individuals who have made remarkable contributions to safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of disabled people, promoting undertakings and providing service for disabled persons.( X# Z3 Y0 {* `% e) D
  第二章康复
; R5 l) x  t1 G$ H, J# `  Chapter 2 Rehabilitation
9 h, O; ^# x5 ~& D  第十三条国家和社会采取康复措施,帮助残疾人恢复或者补偿功能,增强其参与社会生活的能力。$ y5 ~- C: L! b1 Y" q! E
  Article 13 [Responsibilities] The state and society shall adopt measures of rehabilitation to help disabled persons regain normal functions or compensate for lost functions, thus enhancing their ability to participate in social life.
- }2 {: J2 n" L9 s# V7 Q  第十四条康复工作应当从实际出发,将现代康复技术与我国传统康复技术相结合;以康复机构为骨干,社区康复为基础,残疾人家庭为依托;
& W6 ~' X0 h9 ?7 R8 b  Article 14 [Guiding Principle] The work of rehabilitation shall, proceeding from the actual conditions, combine modern rehabilitation techniques with traditional Chinese techniques, with rehabilitation institutions as the core and the community-based rehabilitation as the basis and relying on the families of disabled persons for support.
  \( Y: j5 n8 w) q! l  以实用、易行、受益广的康复内容为重点,并开展康复新技术的研究、开发和应用,为残疾人提供有效的康复服务。' b) d, G( _# q- J5 i$ ~
  Emphasis shall be laid on rehabilitation projects which are practical, easy to realize and widely beneficial. Efforts shall also be made in the research, exploration and application of new rehabilitation technology so as to provide more effective service for disabled persons./ ]8 Q0 j) W; C0 I1 i5 V; G4 Z' `
  第十五条政府和有关部门有计划地在医院设立康复医学科(室),举办必要的专门康复机构,开展康复医疗与训练、科学研究、人员培训和技术指导工作。
/ b, {& Q' m2 f3 b; C" x  Article 15 [Implementation] The governments and departments concerned should establish in a planned way medical rehabilitation departments (sections) in hospitals, set up appropriate special institutions of rehabilitation and carry out clinical practice and training, scientific research, personnel training and work of technical guidance in the field of rehabilitation.; ?' [" c7 e. A+ [# W+ D
  各级人民政府和有关部门,应当组织和指导城乡社区服务网、医疗预防保健网、残疾人组织、残疾人家庭和其他社会力量,开展社区康复工作。
! }2 J3 \& `* r/ U- |, L  The people's government and departments concerned at various levels should organize and guide urban and rural community service networks, medical preventionnd health care networks, organizations and families of disabled persons and other social forces in carrying out community-based rehabilitation work.6 I) _7 K0 P6 l- R% ~
  残疾人教育机构、福利性企业事业组织和其他为残疾人服务的机构,应当创造条件,开展康复训练活动。2 Z9 h  ^# m# R# I! }
  Departments of education, welfare enterprises and institutions and other service organizations for disabled persons should create conditions for rehabilitation training activities.
& z/ [; a7 o' ^- c  残疾人在专业人员的指导和有关工作人员、志愿工作者及亲属的帮助下,应当努力进行功能、自理能力和劳动技能的训练。0 w5 d$ D7 D) D1 I5 e; c8 O
  Disabled persons with guidance from professional personnel and help from relevant staff, volunteers and family members, should actively take part in training programmes for functional recovery, and acquiring self-care ability and work skills.: n% A* d' k6 C) v( F
  国务院和有关部门分阶段确定康复重点项目,制定计划,组织力量实施。
0 Z1 P1 @( d# o, R: Z: U+ |8 j  U) k  The State Council and departments concerned shall determine priority rehabilitation projects by stages, formulate plans thereof and organize forces for their implementation.
4 E' P: {& C; V  第十六条医学院校和其他有关院校应当有计划地开设康复课程、设置康复专业,培养各类康复专业人才。% A& \' Y* J: C! M- s
  Article 16 [Personnel Training] Medical colleges and schools and other relevant eductional institutes should, in a planned way, offer curricula and specialities on rehabilitation so as to train various kinds of rehabilitation specialists.+ W6 O' h2 j) m% @+ ]
  国家和社会采取多种形式对从事康复工作的人员进行技术培训;向残疾人、残疾人亲属、有关工作人员和志愿工作者普及康复知识,传授康复方法。2 U0 `9 S; j) r2 {% u  v
  The state and society shall provide various forms of technical training for personnel engaged in rehabilitation work, popularize knowledge of rehabilitation among disabled persons, their family members, relevant staff and volunteers and teach them methods of rehabilitation.
0 k0 ~- l. Q9 F& q5 U( \  第十七条政府有关部门应当组织和扶持残疾人康复器械、生活自助具、特殊用品和其他辅助器具的研制、生产、供应、维修服务。5 x$ b( X. P9 y4 _
  Article 17 [Appliances] Governmental departments concerned should organize and support the research, production, supply and maintenance of rehabilitation equipment, appliances for self service, special utensils and other aids for disabled persons.( A; v  i  t3 i/ x
  第三章教育
4 _* j/ u! `7 q  Chapter 3 Education
7 J2 b5 W$ [* ^) g5 ?  第十八条国家保障残疾人受教育的权利。
. u( Z( w+ E9 L* [( }7 `  Article 18 [Responsibilities] The state shall guarantee the right of disabled persons to education.) \; X6 O- z) }. M% j1 N$ W
  各级人民政府应当将残疾人教育作为国家教育事业的组成部分,统一规划,加强领导。
) B0 i9 Q( ~" d$ }  |2 B2 K& y% e$ S  Z  People's governments at various levels should make education of disabled persons a component of the state educational programme,include it in their overall planning and strengthen leadership in this respect.$ S3 C9 Z5 \! t$ J2 q* E
  国家、社会、学校和家庭对残疾儿童、少年实施义务教育。. I. o2 f, o- G& k
  The state, society, schools and families shall provide compulsory education for disabled children and juveniles.
0 l  D2 R: s+ e( {2 _# m  国家对接受义务教育的残疾学生免收学费,并根据实际情况减免杂费。
5 o, u6 r/ E) H) s# m  f9 J  The state shall exempt disabled students who accept compulsory education from tuition and reduce sundry fees or exempt them from such fees according to actual situations.+ T( Y1 O0 G1 O9 i
  国家设立助学金,帮助贫困残疾学生就学。: l3 q4 v  X1 t5 f
  The state shall set up grant-in-aid to assist students who are poor and disabled.
, T3 ]1 N4 E' a0 b$ v' j  第十九条残疾人教育,根据残疾人的身心特性和需要,按照下列要求实施:
( O+ S9 L9 \& M& N8 ?  Article 19 [Education According to Different Characteristics] The education of disabled persons shall be carried out according to their physical and psychological features and needs and shall meet the following requirements:
5 h' L/ x0 W. N) m  (一)在进行思想教育、文化教育的同时,加强身心补偿和职业技术教育;
3 X+ S: H2 M8 }, W5 M) p( p  Strengthen physical and psychological compensation and vocational and technical training while providing ideological and cultural education;( n( r+ n4 l% `" o5 ~+ B
  (二)依据残疾类别和接受能力,采取普通教育方式或者特殊教育方式;
+ W2 A7 G8 t, {* l- ], N9 P1 Q  Adopt ordinary or special methods of education according to different categories of disabilities and varied abilities of response of the disabled persons; and
' G. d7 x" |  a* R# z% I  (三)特殊教育的课程设置、教材、教学方法、入学和在校年龄,可以有适度弹性。' A- Q- X0 y& s1 e
  The curricula, teaching materials and methods for special education and the age requirement for admission and schooling may be determined with appropriate flexibility.% S. @2 _$ U/ P$ I# b: j; M
  第二十条残疾人教育,实行普及与提高相结合、以普及为重点的方针;& g3 m) z" ?4 v1 L, U  @% X& J4 }
  Article 20 [Principle of Development] The principle of combining popularization with upgrading of quality shall be implemented in education of disabled persons, with emphasis on the former.
2 ]- [1 s- Y; _/ Z  着重发展义务教育和职业技术教育,积极开展学前教育,逐步发展高级中等以上教育。# L5 `. a' C! r+ k2 p+ M5 s
  Priority shall be given to compulsory education and vocational and technical education while efforts shall be made to carry out preschool education and gradually develop education at and above the senior middle school level.
' _. _& b+ \7 s" s* I  第二十一条国家举办残疾人教育机构,并鼓励社会力量办学、捐资助学。; ~$ p+ b2 ?( p% H6 E2 m# @4 N% a8 ]
  Article 21 [Channels of Education] The state shall set up educational institutions for disabled persons and encour age social forces to run schools and donate funds for schools.% o7 I- g9 X2 Z( V0 t
  第二十二条普通教育机构对具有接受普通教育能力的残疾人实施教育。' W8 }2 S" w; ^  \! |. R. R1 J5 M% \
  Article 22 [Methods of Ordinary Education] Ordinary educational institutions shall provide education for disabled persons who are able to receive ordinary education.3 E2 e: k  C: ~  @$ d* [* v8 [
  普通小学、初级中等学校,必须招收能适应其学习生活的残疾儿童、少年入学;3 w* b% w- X! Z1 q. v( l
  Ordinary primary schools and junior middle schools must admit disabled children or juveniles who are able to adapt themselves to life and study there;* V$ h8 u9 B7 o2 P
  普通高级中等学校、中等专业学校、技工学校和高等院校,必须招收符合国家规定的录取标准的残疾考生入学,不得因其残疾而拒绝招收;# c% Y, Y1 g7 x! P
  ordinary senior middle schools, secondary polytechnic schools, technical schools and institutions of higher learning must admit disabled students who meet the state admission requirements and shall not deny their admission because of their disabilities;
3 S+ g) B! Z0 _6 n8 d7 p  拒绝招收的,当事人或者其亲属、监护人可以要求有关部门处理,有关部门应当责令该学校招收。
# Q& u& ~  h9 ^( i  in case of such denial, the disabled students, their family members or guardians may appeal to the relevant authorities for disposition. The relevant authorities shall instruct the schools concerned to enroll the students.# u2 L2 x7 S" o) ^) p: _
  普通幼儿教育机构应当接收能适应其生活的残疾幼儿。
# M- `4 _' N8 @: c: K  Ordinary institutions of preschool education shall admit disabled children who are able to adapt themselves to the life there.
% ?* F! }0 q; G  P# b  第二十三条残疾幼儿教育机构、普通幼儿教育机构附设的残疾儿童班、特殊教育学校的学前班、残疾儿童福利机构、残疾儿童家庭,对残疾儿童实施学前教育。
4 K/ h5 O! _7 S: q# \, M% l7 v  Article 23 [Methods of Special Education] Preschool education institutions for disabled children, classes for disabled children attached to ordinary preschool education institutions, preschool classes of special education schools, welfare institutions for disabled children and families of disabled children shall be responsible for preschool education of disabled children.3 Z- F) x: k1 l9 T. G( g& t5 X, |4 w
  初级中等以下特殊教育学校和普通学校附设的特殊教育班,对不具有接受普通教育能力的残疾儿童、少年实施义务教育。' Y3 I4 ^$ n2 x  `% K0 c
  Special schools at or below junior middle school level and special classes attached to ordinary schools shall be responsible for the implementation of compulsory education for disabled children and juveniles who are not able to respond to ordinary education.8 z' G7 S) R% f' \! b! C. l- m3 j
  高级中等以上特殊教育学校、普通学校附设的教育班和残疾人职业技术教育机构,对符合条件的残疾人实施高级中等以上文化教育、职业技术教育。
) H* v8 l$ T* e, E, [  Special schools and special classes attached to ordinary schools at or above senior middle school level, as well as institutions of vocational and technical education for disabled persons, shall be responsible for providing cultural education at or above senior middle school level and vocational and technical education for eligible disabled persons.
  E3 f: P1 [9 t2 _; o  第二十四条政府有关部门、残疾人所在单位和社会应当对残疾人开展扫除文盲、职业培训和其他成人教育,鼓励残疾人自学成才。, Q8 T) G6 z6 M: j6 N
  Article 24 [Adult Education] Governmental departments concerned, units where disabled persons work and society shall carry our anti-illiteracy education, vocational training and other forms of adult education for disabled persons and encourage them to tap their talents in the self-taught way.
' X. X+ D- J0 q" N; U& V  第二十五条国家有计划地举办各级各类特殊教育师范院校、专业,在普通师范院校附设特殊教育班(部),培养、培训特殊教育师资。
5 P9 x& P- {+ N/ \  Article 25 [Teaching Staff] The state shall systematically set up various forms of normal schools and specialities for special education at different levels and special education classes (departments) attached to ordinary normal schools to educate and train teaching staff for special education.
! M/ T- _. k6 M) w8 F3 T! H' I  普通师范院校开设特殊教育课程或者讲授有关内容,使普通教师掌握必要的特殊教育知识。
4 i. @$ v" f( I- L; @  Ordinary normal schools shall offer curricula or lectures on special education so that teachers in ordinary education may have some necessary knowledge of special education.
( x/ j; ?' H1 m' X. J5 P  特殊教育教师和手语翻译,享受特殊教育津贴。1 `" [, x3 r' {5 y* L
  Teachers of special education and sign language interpreters shall enjoy allowances for special education.
% ?. [8 _2 G  g/ h9 _  第二十六条政府有关部门应当组织和扶持盲文、手语的研究和应用,特殊教育教材的编写和出版,特殊教育教学用具及其他辅助用品的研制、生产和供应。1 m* o& V+ y3 G  V7 {% Q4 U: j
  Article 26 [Auxiliary Means] Governmental departments concerned shall organize and support the research and application of braille and sign language, the compilation, writing and publication of special education teaching materials and the research, production and supply of teaching apparatus and other auxiliary facilities for special education.
1 p( y2 |" _0 l- L  第四章劳动就业) W  o- q2 ?* _/ E
  Chapter 4 Employment7 p9 w+ {6 W: g: H, d
  第二十七条国家保障残疾人劳动的权利。# w* P* p0 s6 U
  Article 27 [Responsibilities] The state protects disabled persons the right to work.9 h# w. E1 x5 t* k3 D0 d
  各级人民政府应当对残疾人劳动就业统筹规划,为残疾人创造劳动就业条件。4 @* v6 z: f0 X+ B8 c  F
  People's governments at various levels shall formulate overall plans on employment of disabled persons and create condition for their employment.- L  p5 D9 x, M% j
  第二十八条残疾人劳动就业,实行集中与分散相结合的方针,采取优惠政策和扶持保护措施,通过多渠道、多层次、多种形式,使残疾人劳动就业逐步普及、稳定、合理。
- o& {9 Y8 G. O  {7 _' V  Article 28 [Guiding Principles] Employment of disabled persons shall follow the principle of combining concent rative arrangement with dispersed arrangement. Preferential policies and measures of support and protection shall be adopted with a view to gradually popularizing, stabilizing and rationalizing employment of disabled persons through multiple channels, at various levels and in a variety of forms.
5 m4 C* a5 V0 a  第二十九条国家和社会举办残疾人福利企业、工疗机构、按摩医疗机构和其他福利性企业事业组织,集中安排残疾人就业。5 S) z" Z" K  v5 P4 Q# n: h
  Article 29 [Concentrative Employment] The state and society shall set up welfare enterprises for disabled persons, work-rehabilitation centres, Tuina-massage hospitals and clinics and other enterprises and institutions of welfare nature as a way of providing concentrative employment for disabled persons.: P8 r& ^* a; y) L/ x! @
  第三十条国家推动各单位吸收残疾人就业,各级人民政府和有关部门应当做好组织、指导工作。
. l5 t: C1 C& q& S: e  Article 30 [Dispersed Employment] The state shall promote the employment of disabled persons by various units.) s' N/ {; _- X& a" l9 U
  机关、团体、企业事业组织、城乡集体经济组织,应当按一定比例安排残疾人就业,并为其选择适当的工种和岗位。8 Z: [( A) j9 ?! E. U- v  h
  People's governments at all levels and departments concerned shall organize and provide guidance in this regard.State organs, nongovernmental organizations, enterprises, institutions and urban and rural collective economic organizations should employ a certain proportion of disabled persons in appropriate types of jobs and posts.- L) t: d' ^7 w+ F
  省、自治区、直辖市人民政府可以根据实际情况规定具体比例。
# _9 b) M. o) |3 ]$ p! j, j; I  The specific ratio may be determined by the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government in line with their actual conditions.3 X* k! {# O+ o$ d) q
  第三十一条政府有关部门鼓励、帮助残疾人自愿组织起来从业或者个体开业。) R* y6 `+ B, u. q; m0 f
  Article 31 [Self-employment] Governmental departments concerned shall encourage and assist disabled persons to obtain employment through voluntary organization or to open individual business., ]5 d  \9 G% l# q2 y' w* o* o* w
  第三十二条地方各级人民政府和农村基层组织,应当组织和扶持农村残疾人从事种植业、养殖业、手工业和其他形式的生产劳动。
, k; v( t9 H, [( T  Article 32 [Rural Labour] Local people's governments at various levels and rural grassroots organizations shall organize and support disabled persons in rural areas to engage in farming, planting, animal breeding, handicraft industry and other forms of production.
5 N* F; u+ J8 ~% H4 K  第三十三条国家对残疾人福利性企业事业组织和城乡残疾人个体劳动者,实行税收减免政策,并在生产、经营、技术、资金、物资、场地等方面给予扶持。) j. N! R9 \6 M0 s) y( _
  Article 33 [Preferential Treatment and Assistance] The state shall implement the policy of tax reduction or exemption in relation to welfare enterprises and institutions for disabled persons and self-employed disabled workers in urban and rural areas,and provide assistance in production, management, technology, capital, materials supply, working sites and other fields.
" n# a7 \* d! L, z6 p  地方人民政府和有关部门应当确定适合残疾人生产的产品,优先安排残疾人福利企业生产,并逐步确定某些产品由残疾人福利企业专产。
% r! n' c* k2 [# \0 W  Local people's governments and departments concerned shall determine the types of products suitable for production by disabled persons, give priority to welfare enterprises for disabled persons to produce such products and gradually determine which products are to be produced exclusively by such enterprises.9 g3 ^  b& X# ^& E" ]
  政府有关部门下达职工招用、聘用指标时,应当确定一定数额用于残疾人。# z1 k6 |% L  i2 @
  Governmental departments concerned shall, in determining the quota for recruiting and employing workers and staff members, allot a certain proportion of the quota to disabled persons.
+ F' ^1 y9 O( D/ H. U  对于申请从事个体工商业的残疾人,有关部门应当优先核发营业执照,并在场地、信贷等方面给予照顾。# a0 ~  ?$ A% P* L
  Departments concerned shall, in verifying and issuing business licenses,give priority to disabled persons who apply for licenses as self-employed workers or businessmen and give them preferential treatment in allotting work sites and loans and in other ways.
1 j2 e: k: m) F: Q  对于从事各类生产劳动的农村残疾人,有关部门应当在生产服务、技术指导、农用物资供应、农副产品收购和信贷等方面,给予帮助。, l4 S$ T' ?3 x4 Q
  Departments concerned shall provide assistance for disabled persons engaged in various kinds of labour in rural areas by way of production services, technical guidance, supply of materials for agricultural use, collection and purchase of farm and sideline products and loans.+ a% Q  x3 F: B0 T2 y" c
  第三十四条国家保护残疾人福利性企业事业组织的财产所有权和经营自主权,其合法权益不受侵犯。
$ w' E4 ^% B/ b7 `8 \$ Z  Article 34 [Protection] The state shall protect the property ownership and the managerial decisionmaking power of welfare enterprises and institutions for disabled persons, whose lawful rights and interests shall not be violated., J9 @& J. d3 n; ?7 r
  在职工的招用、聘用、转正、晋级、职称评定、劳动报酬、生活福利、劳动保险等方面,不得歧视残疾人。4 x$ g( m+ I! _
  No discrimination shall be practised against disabled persons in recruitment,employment,obtainment of permanent status, promotion, determining technical or professional titles, payment, welfare, labour insurance or in other aspects.# T- V- ~4 s( Q# K# A) }$ B
  对于国家分配的高等学校、中等专业学校、技工学校的残疾毕业生,有关单位不得因其残疾而拒绝接收;
7 Q& m* H) R% r9 ^  e2 {  No enterprises or institutions shall deny graduates assigned by the state from institutions of higher learning,polytechnic schools or technical schools solely on the ground of their disabilities;
/ p9 u# O$ F' e) q  拒绝接收的,当事人可以要求有关部门处理,有关部门应当责令该单位接收。! d& V6 b0 f1 w
  in case of such denial, the disabled graduates may appeal to departments concerned for disposition and the relevant departments shall instruct the enterprises or institutions concerned to accept the said graduate students.
( u- M! a& p; a9 g% ~- n4 q  残疾职工所在单位,应当为残疾职工提供适应其特点的劳动条件和劳动保护。3 Q0 _  t6 w9 H
  Enterprises and institutions where disabled persons work shall provide the disabled workers with appropriate working conditions and labour protection.
, u* ^& ^/ u( C+ p. G  第三十五条残疾职工所在单位应当对残疾职工进行岗位技术培训,提高其劳动技能和技术水平。
! o+ r# q' I2 t  Article 35 [Training of Employees] Enterprises and institutions where disabled persons work shall provide in-service technical training for disabled employees with a view to upgrading their skills and techniques.6 ?4 Z# k6 W) C, W" i# |1 u
  第五章文化生活4 W2 X/ T) l/ ^7 m1 t& C; x/ T
  Chapter 5 Cultural Life# S! H" _+ z' W+ p, Q: Y) ?; a6 L- t
  第三十六条国家和社会鼓励、帮助残疾人参加各种文化、体育、娱乐活动,努力满足残疾人精神文化生活的需要。" u2 e9 O+ u1 d- ~& R1 a
  Article 36 [Responsibilities] The state and society shall encourage and assist disabled persons to participate in various forms of cultural, sports and recreative activities and work to meet the needs of the spiritual and cultural life of disabled persons.
% Q6 s( D8 H3 ~$ S% t! _9 ~$ N  第三十七条残疾人文化、体育、娱乐活动应当面向基层,融于社会公共文化生活,适应各类残疾人的不同特点和需要,使残疾人广泛参与。& v; P: b4 D% G- B/ R0 J& f
  Article 37 [Guiding Principles] Cultural, sports and recreative activities for disabled persons should be oriented towards grassroots levels, integrated in public cultural life and geared to the different characteristics and needs of different categories of disabled persons with a view to bringing about extensive participation.
2 n( L/ O. Z) D7 g' @+ j0 c  第三十八条国家和社会采取下列措施,丰富残疾人的精神文化生活:
# n% M, X4 _! ~8 i2 n  Article 38 [Measures] The state and society shall adopt the following measures to enrich the spiritual and cultural life of disabled persons:
8 b4 Z6 S# _# t$ v  (一)通过广播、电影、电视、报刊、图书等形式,反映残疾人生活,为残疾人服务;, ?+ L" O, C' Z( D) n3 Q
  Reflect the life of disabled persons through radio, film, television, press and periodicals, books and other media in the interests of disabled persons.
0 C: w/ W% V0 `( R; V1 Z3 N* |1 g1 Q  (二)组织和扶持盲文读物、盲人有声读物、聋人读物、弱智人读物的编写和出版,开办电视手语节目,在部分影视作品中增加字幕、解说;
. V" i9 V0 \0 Z8 C- i  Organize and support the compilation,writing and publication of braille books, talking books for blind persons and reading materials for deaf and mentally retarded persons; offer TV programmes in sign language and put in subtitles or narrations in some movies and TV programmes.
6 D& D" k' ]$ e  (三)组织和扶持残疾人开展群众性文化、体育、娱乐活动,举办特殊艺术演出和特殊体育运动会,参加重大国际性比赛和交流;
9 [% t( `& G" e  Organize and support disabled persons for mass cultural, sports and recreative activities,stage special art performances, hold special sports meets and participate in major international sports games and exchanges; and, @1 Q+ X& }8 j( @. l3 r* y/ s
  (四)文化、体育、娱乐和其他公共活动场所,为残疾人提供方便和照顾。有计划地兴办残疾人活动场所。& y' ^+ y2 D1 C/ D, h( U
  Provide facilities and accommodations for disabled persons at places of cultural, sports, recreative and other public activities and set up in a planned way activity centres for disabled persons.
  Y: @7 L: @) P  第三十九条国家和社会鼓励、帮助残疾人进行文学、艺术、教育、科学、技术和其他有益于人民的创造性劳动。
) }# j1 Y% k, b; Z  Article 39 [Encouraging Creative Activities] The state and society shall encourage and assist disabled persons to engage in literature, art, education, science, technology and other creative work beneficial to the people.3 h! e" J; o) a/ q$ s
  第六章福利1 L; Z+ Z, W& B% G2 ~9 N' G
  Chapter 6 Welfare2 _/ R' x4 y4 K
  第四十条国家和社会采取扶助、救济和其他福利措施,保障和改善残疾人的生活。' ]- o' T( ]/ k, S
  Article 40 [Responsibilities] The state and society shall adopt supportive, relief and other welfare measures to secure and improve the life of disabled persons.
- |3 s$ p* Y* `5 |( I! h  第四十一条国家和社会对生活确有困难的残疾人,通过多种渠道给予救济、补助。+ c4 ?3 u& }$ x! N; Z' F
  Article 41 [Relief and Foster] The state and society shall provide relief and subsidies through various channels for disabled persons with real financial difficulties.
! u( n4 [: C9 l" q: E  国家和社会对无劳动能力、无法定扶养人、无生活来源的残疾人,按照规定予以供养、救济。% P( Y7 u4 F1 t" ?1 g0 [
  The state and society shall foster and provide relief, in accordance with relevant regulations, for disabled persons without work capabilities, legal fosterer or financial resource.
& i6 W: ?5 I; L6 i% K  第四十二条残疾人所在单位、城乡基层组织、残疾人家庭,应当鼓励、帮助残疾人参加社会保险。% D" h: D' C, |" W) E0 a; S6 U
  Article 42 [Insurance] Units where disabled persons work, urban and rural grassroots organizations and families of disabled persons should encourage and assist disabled persons to sign up for social insurance.
& g5 p4 ?& z0 y  第四十三条地方各级人民政府和社会举办福利院和其他安置收养机构,按照规定安置收养残疾人,并逐步改善其生活。5 @, l$ {  J" W% Q* I9 g
  Article 43 [Welfare and Placement] People's governments at various levels and the society shall establish welfare centres and other placement and foster institutions, settle and foster disabled persons in accordance with relevant regulations and gradually improve their living standards.
, I& a6 b2 d! z1 T  第四十四条公共服务机构应当为残疾人提供优先服务和辅助性服务。- X% y3 Y/ v! T- ]6 Z$ H
  Article 44 [Preferential Treatment and Accommodations] Agencies of pubilc services shall provide preferential and auxiliary services for disabled persons.% r: @  X6 z8 \2 K
  残疾人搭乘公共交通工具,应当给予方便和照顾;其随身必备的辅助器具,准予免费携带。2 M4 s# h5 ~8 M5 d% G( s5 a, ~
  In taking public transport vehicles,disabled persons shall be provided with facilities and accommodations; they shall be permitted to carry on board their indispensable equipment free of charge.7 c9 {- n8 T& ~5 f  G1 D
  盲人可以免费乘坐市内公共汽车、电车、地铁、渡船。
% d6 R# T/ L; E. Y8 k  Blind persons may take local buses, trolleybuses, subways and ferries free of charge.
% \; B/ \+ `9 K% Y3 `% E4 A- ~' S  盲人读物邮件免费寄递。
% ^- S" C0 i, G1 p/ s  Mailing and delivery of publications for blind persons shall be free of charge.: L' |" F: R1 n& M% Y
  县级和乡级人民政府应当根据具体情况减免农村残疾人的义务工、公益事业费和其他社会负担。
  O, O/ V) p$ R: ]/ ]  People's governments at county and township levels shall, in line with the actual conditions, reduce or exempt disabled persons in rural areas from obligatory labour, public utilities fees and other social obligations.
# A0 d" T! n: ?+ m3 \: w! N  各级人民政府应当逐步增加对残疾人的其他照顾和扶助。
; j+ S8 @6 Z4 z+ `- Y, k6 L1 @( E  People's governments at various levels shall step by step increase their care and support for people with disabilities.
* c1 J% Y& A2 X* X9 k- H: e  第七章环境$ p8 y7 p- ]' i# O8 L) g2 O
  Chapter 7 Environment
- E" E/ [7 |# W! w; [9 {' f  第四十五条国家和社会逐步创造良好的环境,改善残疾人参与社会生活的条件。( m$ C- p: c! g( N6 u, z- T* h/ g
  Article 45 [Responsibilities] The state and society shall step by step create a sound environment to improve the conditions for disabled persons to participate in social life.
4 U8 g* B1 w4 L  l$ u  第四十六条国家和社会逐步实行方便残疾人的城市道路和建筑物设计规范,采取无障碍措施。. F% J3 o! S* j% _/ e
  Article 46 [Barrier-free Facilities] The state and society shall gradually regularize the Design Code for the Accessibility of Disabled Persons to Urban Roads and Buildings and adopt barrierfree measures.
' d8 W4 R# P9 B  第四十七条国家和社会促进残疾人与其他公民之间的相互理解和交流,宣传残疾人事业和扶助残疾人的事迹,弘扬残疾人自强不息的精神,倡导团结、友爱、互助的社会风尚。
9 @  h3 B- D; ~) C6 f/ K# B8 J  Article 47 [Mutual Understanding and Assistance] The state and society shall promote mutual understanding and exchanges between disabled persons and their fellow-citizens, publicize undertakings for disabled persons and deeds of assisting disabled persons, promulgate the unyielding spirit of disabled persons and foster a social environment of unity, fraternity and mutual assistance.$ @. ]( [! F7 f/ J
  第四十八条每年五月的第三个星期日,为全国助残日。# |  p' H9 K# u. E7 {7 W* L8 l! A
  Article 48 [National Day of Assisting Disabled Persons] The third Sunday of May each year is the National Day of Assisting Disabled Persons.
4 Q; o" C" G1 U7 g9 R1 Q: [  第八章法律责任) E$ W3 M; ~2 x0 R
  Chapter 8 Legal Liability
3 F* k; K6 c$ @3 S! }8 Q2 Z  _  第四十九条残疾人的合法权益受到侵害的,被侵害人或者其代理人有权要求有关主管部门处理,或者依法向人民法院提起诉讼。" p8 \6 w8 z' p" f. Q
  Article 49 [Appeal and Prosecution] Where the lawful rights and interests of disabled persons are violated, the off ended persons or their agents shall have the right to appeal to the competent authorities for disposition, or institute lawsuits at people's courts in accordance with law.1 V5 F3 e7 ~7 U! s
  第五十条国家工作人员违法失职,损害残疾人的合法权益的,由其所在单位或者上级机关责令改正或者给予行政处分。
7 ]" d  @+ n6 E- S7 a  Article 50 [Administrative Liability] Where government functionaries neglect their duties, in violation of the law, and infringe upon the lawful rights and interests of disabled persons, the units to which they belong or their higher authorities shall instruct such persons to correct their wrong doings or subject them to administrative sanctions.2 Z7 M- `# S* z
  第五十一条侵害残疾人的合法权益,造成财产损失或者其他损失、损害的,应当依法赔偿或者承担其他民事责任。
3 g2 w9 k$ X! w0 U  Article 51 [Civil Liability] Whoever infringes upon the lawful rights and interests of a disabled person and causes property or other losses or damage shall compensate for the losses or damage according to law or bear other civil liabilities.! S6 ^. C* ~2 @- {* J$ m- S
  第五十二条利用残疾人的残疾,侵犯其人身权利或者其他合法权利,构成犯罪的,依照刑法有关规定从重处罚。
) x' a+ U' ^2 i. @$ }" ^" `  Article 52 [Administrative Punishment and Criminal Liability] Whoever infringes upon the right of person or other lawful rights of disabled persons by taking advantage of their disabilities, and which constitutes a crime, shall be given a heavier punishment in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Criminal Law.
9 A5 b* _( A8 }; `  以暴力或者其他方法公然侮辱残疾人,情节严重的,依照刑法第一百四十五条的规定追究刑事责任;情节较轻的,依照治安管理处罚条例第二十二条的规定处罚。* Y) t1 W1 O) ]! _% |$ V, |
  Whoever, by violence or other means, publicly insults disabled persons, shall, if the circumstances are serious, be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 145 of the Criminal Law, and, if the circumstances are less serious, be subject to punishment in accordance with the provisions of Article 22 of the Regulations on Administrative Penaltives for Public Security.+ }* J% V0 `, H) E" ~
  虐待残疾人的,依照治安管理处罚条例第二十二条的规定处罚;情节恶劣的,依照刑法第一百八十二条的规定追究刑事责任。, O3 E. M  A0 f/ d
  Whoever maltreats disabled persons shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of Article 22 of the Regulations on Administrative Penalties for Public Security; and, if the circumstances are flagrant, he shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 182 of the Criminal Law.% m% ~5 J* b( `
  对没有独立生活能力的残疾人负有扶养义务而拒绝扶养、情节恶劣的,或者遗弃没有独立生活能力的残疾人的,依照刑法第一百八十三条的规定追究刑事责任。
+ J  \! G- O+ x9 |  Whoever refuses to perform his duty of fostering a disabled person who is unable to live independently, shall, if the circumstances are flagrant, or if he abandons such a disabled person, be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 183 of the Criminal Law.! A" u: i; X8 P; E+ u6 M- M! n
  奸淫因智力残疾或者精神残疾不能辨认自己行为的残疾人的,以强奸论,依照刑法第一百三十九条的规定追究刑事责任。/ ^8 G- v! E+ t2 C* U
  Whoever rapes a disabled person who is unable to account for her own conduct due to mental retardation or mental disorder shall be deemed to have committed rape and shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 139 of the Criminal Law.
" X' a% b" J) ~/ v  d/ a  第九章附则
" m+ l& C! i" H) Z  Chapter 9 Supplementary Provisions
8 C$ s- a. c; K: h% W+ {1 m  第五十三条国务院有关部门根据本法制定有关条例,报国务院批准施行。
6 A  W; v6 H$ E* n) r  Article 53 [Regulations and Local Status] Departments concerned under the State Council shall formulate relevant regulations in accordance with this Law and submit them to the State Council for approval before implementation.8 P) |8 E/ J8 B
  省、自治区、直辖市人民代表大会常务委员会可以根据本法制定实施办法。
; P7 ?& s8 G' z! F( V  The standing committees of the people's congresses of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government may formulate measures of implementation in accordance with this Law.
4 |% x1 k1 m5 s; x! }. e" Q  第五十四条本法自1991年5月15日起施行。$ o0 w* Z& G* u6 w2 S! `6 N3 W
  Article 54 [Entry into Force] This Law shall enter into force as of May 15,1991.9 F6 [" z( Q2 n8 O: Q6 H7 ^
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